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Biodiversity: Biodiversity refers to measuring the biological parts of an ecosystem and measuring the
number and abundance of species in an area.

Species diversity: Species diversity refers to the variety of species per unit of area and it includes both
the number of species present and their relative abundance.


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plates can produce barriers such as mountains, oceans and rift valleys which can lead to isolation of gene
pools and then speciation. Plate movement can also generate new diverse habitats thus promoting
biodiversity. An example of this can be seen between the Caribou and the Reindeer in Alaska and Serbia…


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