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Behaviourist Approach
1. a) Outline the two assumptions of the Behaviourist Approach. [4 marks]
b) Describe the Social Learning Theory of Aggression. [8marks]
S ­ state
E ­ explain
X ­ example
One assumption of the Behaviourist Approach (Beh.A) is that all behaviour is learnt via association
through the process called Classical Conditioning with an environment.…read more

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Group 2 watched an adult being punished for aggressive behaviour
Group 3 ­ were the control group and didn't watch anyone interacting with the doll
They found that that the children who saw an adult being rewarded for the aggressive behaviour
were most likely to repeat this aggressive behaviour, and also they were more likely to imitate an
adult of the same sex. These findings from the two studies prove the theories of observational
learning and vicarious reinforcement.…read more

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Describe how the Behaviourist Approach has been applied to Systematic DeSensitisation. [12
Many behavioural psychologists believe that behaviour must be observational and measurable, and
learnt by an association with a conditioned through Classical Conditioning which was first
suggested by Pavlov and his dogs who he conditioned to salivate when a bell was sounded. From
this it was believed that as normal behaviour was learnt through an interaction with an environment,
so can an abnormal behaviour like an irrational fear (phobia).…read more

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Evaluate two strengths of the Behaviourist Approach. [6marks]
b) Evaluate two weakness of the Behaviourist Approach. [6marks]
One strength of the Behaviourist Approach (Beh.A) is that it is useful and has been successfully
applied to the `real world' through its therapies to treat people with abnormal behaviour like
phobias. For example Systematic DeSensitisation, according to McGrath in 1990 had a 75%
success rate in curing patients of their irrational phobias by treating their phobia with Classical
Conditioning.…read more

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Explain and evaluate the methodologies used by the Behaviourist Approach. [12 marks]
E explain
X ­ example
E ­ evaluate
A apply
The Behaviourist Approach (Beh.A) uses Laboratory experiments using animals to study behaviour.
They do this based on the assumption that humans and animals learn behaviour in the same way, so
therefore observing animals learning behaviour would give insight to how humans do.…read more


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