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Behaviourist Approach

1. a) Outline the two assumptions of the Behaviourist Approach. [4 marks]

b) Describe the Social Learning Theory of Aggression. [8marks]

S ­ state

E ­ explain

X ­ example

One assumption of the Behaviourist Approach (Beh.A) is that all behaviour is learnt via association
through the process…

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Group 2 watched an adult being punished for aggressive behaviour
Group 3 ­ were the control group and didn't watch anyone interacting with the doll

They found that that the children who saw an adult being rewarded for the aggressive behaviour
were most likely to repeat this aggressive behaviour, and…

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2. Describe how the Behaviourist Approach has been applied to Systematic DeSensitisation. [12



Many behavioural psychologists believe that behaviour must be observational and measurable, and
learnt by an association with a conditioned through Classical Conditioning which was first
suggested by Pavlov and his dogs who he conditioned…

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3. a) Evaluate two strengths of the Behaviourist Approach. [6marks]

b) Evaluate two weakness of the Behaviourist Approach. [6marks]

One strength of the Behaviourist Approach (Beh.A) is that it is useful and has been successfully
applied to the `real world' through its therapies to treat people with abnormal behaviour like…

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5. Explain and evaluate the methodologies used by the Behaviourist Approach. [12 marks]

E explain

X ­ example

E ­ evaluate

A apply

The Behaviourist Approach (Beh.A) uses Laboratory experiments using animals to study behaviour.
They do this based on the assumption that humans and animals learn behaviour in the…


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