Beginnings of Language Development.

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  • Created on: 31-12-12 14:40
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Child Language Acquisition
Beginnings of Language Development
Before Birth:
Possible that language acquisition begins in the womb.
French research, Mehler et al.
Babies as young as for days could distinguish French.
They learn rhythm and intonation.
<2 Months
Crying: Vegetative Noises
Used to represent a need for something.
Research found English parents could interpret cries (i.e, work out their needs) of foreign babies.
Instinctive noises. Not yet `language'.
23 Months
Cooing: Openmouthed vowel sounds.
69 Months
Babbling: Vowel Combinations
A period of phonemic expansion.
Child begins using consonants ­ B, D, M, G, H.
Occasionally produces reduplicated monosyllables: `baba', `mama'.
Later move onto variegated babbling (advanced babbling).
Intonation and gesture are already beginning to be used.
After babbling children go through a process of phonemic contraction, and sounds become
restrictive to native tongue.
Adults could decipher babies nationalities already at this stage.
912 Months
Not actual words.
Sound linked with object, want, etc.
1218 Months
Holophrastic (One word):
Nouns begin to appear.
1224 Months
Two Word:
Combinations. Generally have a fiftyword vocabulary at this stage.
Begin to understand semantics, grammar and pragmatics.
2436 Months
Three or more words linked. Usually content words.
`Telegraphic' because they are like Telegrams in that they really only needed information.
Previously omitted items (determiners, etc.), multiple clauses and inflections begin to appear.

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Child Language Acquisition
Increase in grammatically complex combinations.
Most used pronoun: Me.
Little inflection.
Little pragmatic understanding.
Rarely read/write.…read more


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