Beginnings of Language Development.

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  • Created on: 31-12-12 14:40
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Child Language Acquisition
Beginnings of Language Development
Before Birth:
Possible that language acquisition begins in the womb.
French research, Mehler et al.
Babies as young as for days could distinguish French.
They learn rhythm and intonation.
<2 Months
Crying: Vegetative Noises
Used to represent a need for something.
Research found English parents could interpret cries (i.e, work out their needs) of foreign babies.
Instinctive noises. Not yet `language'.
23 Months
Cooing: Openmouthed vowel sounds.
69 Months
Babbling: Vowel Combinations
A period of phonemic expansion.
Child begins using consonants ­ B, D, M, G, H.
Occasionally produces reduplicated monosyllables: `baba', `mama'.
Later move onto variegated babbling (advanced babbling).
Intonation and gesture are already beginning to be used.
After babbling children go through a process of phonemic contraction, and sounds become
restrictive to native tongue.
Adults could decipher babies nationalities already at this stage.
912 Months
Protowords:
Not actual words.
Sound linked with object, want, etc.
1218 Months
Holophrastic (One word):
Nouns begin to appear.
1224 Months
Two Word:
Combinations. Generally have a fiftyword vocabulary at this stage.
Begin to understand semantics, grammar and pragmatics.
2436 Months
Telegraphic:
Three or more words linked. Usually content words.
`Telegraphic' because they are like Telegrams in that they really only needed information.
Previously omitted items (determiners, etc.), multiple clauses and inflections begin to appear.
36+
PostTelegraphic:

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Child Language Acquisition
Increase in grammatically complex combinations.
Most used pronoun: Me.
Little inflection.
Little pragmatic understanding.
Rarely read/write.…read more

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