Basic Notes on Maintenance of Relationships

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  • Created on: 21-08-12 11:24
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The Maintenance of Romantic Relationships
SOCIAL EXCHANGE THEORY (THIBAUT + KELLEY)
P ROFIT
+
LO SS
P eople f
orm rel
a t
ionshi
ps to
gain
p r
o f
it
. Rew ar
ds > Costs.
RE WA RD :
sex,
care,
comp an i
onship
CO ST:
e f
for
t,
ti
me ,
mo ney.
S ELFI
S H
T heory i
s sel
fi
sh
focuses t
oo
mu ch on sel
fi
sh aims.
I gn or
ess o ci
al
a spect
s(
e.
gh o wp
a r
tnersc
ommu ni
cate,
sharede
v ents)
(
D UC K +
S AN TS)
P ossibl
y only
appli
es to
indi
vidual
ist
cul
tur
es
C ULTUR AL BIAS
MO GH AD DA M:We
s tern/
Indivi
dualistc
u lt
ures o nl
y.O
n l
y sh or
tt
e r
m
r
elat
ionsh i
ps (
i.
e st
u dent
s).
L ongt
erm, l
essmo
b i
le,
no nWe sternmo
r el
i
ke l
yt
ov
a lues
e cur
it
yt
han
pr
ofi
t.
T heory not
a uni
versal
explanati
on:
c ult
ural
ly
b i
ased.
COMPARISON LEVEL
C L jud ges n ew r el
a t
ionshi
ps.P
r oducto
fp
r evi
ous e xperi
ence +
expect
a t
ion.
P rof
it
> CL = Wo r
thwh i
l
e .
C O MP AR I
S ON LEVE LF
O R ALTE R NAT I
V ES (CLA )
: pot
enti
a l
r
e ward
i
ncrease fr
om n ew part
ner
­
costs
of
ending cur
rent
rel
a t
ionshi
p.
LIMITATION:
N o explanati
on f
or l
eaving expl
ana t
ion w/
no
alt
ernati
ve.
D oesn
o t
suggest howg
r eat
disparit
yh
a st
ob ei nC
Lf
or
i
ttob
e come
unacceptable.
A BUSIVE RE LAT I
O NSH I
P S
R U SBU LT+MA
R T Z:
i
n vest
me ntsh
igh( chi
ldren,
mo ney)
+lowp rofi
t
(no
mone y/
ho use)
= pr
o f
it
able
sit
ua t
ion.
S EX
MA REL I
C HE
TA L :
Students,
U SA. Me nl
iea
b out
cari
ng+c
o mmitme nt
f
or
se x,
wome n gi
ve
sex t
o gain
app roval
+ i
nti
ma cy.
S ex decepti
o n
= i
mp ort
an t
part
of
SE t
heory.

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EQUITY THEORY (WALSTER ET AL)
S tr
ive
for
equit
y +
feel
di
stressed
at
unfai
rness (
ME SS I
C K
+
C OO K)
A ny equi
ty
= dist
ress
S TA FFOR D + CAN ARA Y:2
0 0 ma rr
ied co upl
es. e qu i
ty =
sat
isf
acti
on.…read more

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