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Barton court is between Abingdon and Radley
in Oxfordshire.
It sits on the 2nd of the gravel terraces, 7.5m
above the Thames.
Reconstructed appearance…read more

Slide 3

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How did the villa develop over time?
(found by Richard Atkinson in 1945)…read more

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What was the function of the villa
and what is the evidence for this?
What is the relationship
of the villa to its surroundings?
Barton means literally `Barley farm.'
It aimed to provide produce for sale.
A corn drying oven was found .The corn drying
oven is a T- shaped structure sunken into the ground and
heated by a small fire , like a large scale hot plate.
Cereal and grains were one of the more highly paid for of
produces in Roman Britain, thus explaining the wealth at Barton
Court farm. It most likely supplied produce and food for the
nearest towns such as Londinium.
There were pens for animals found ; sheep skeletons
discovered. There is also a water hole , as well as 2 wells lined
with stone. Thus suggesting the supply of meat to neighbouring
towns as well.
Another area of the farm was used a as a burial ground for
corpses of 40 new born children. Suggesting a community of a
high infant mortality rate, the bodies were disposed of in ditches…read more

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Who lived in the villa and
how did they live?
The descendants of the people
who owned the round house ,most
likely occupied the Romano-
British house.
There is not a lot of information
that can be gained through
archaeology as to how these
people lived, apart form the
luxuries found, so they probably
had quite a comfortable life style,
living near to the biggest and most
prosperous town; Londinium. They
may have had a town house, as
well as a villa, and entertained…read more

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How does the villa illustrate the process of Romanisation?
Evidence of Romanisation Celtic origins indicated
Tableware , as well as pots of Roman Though the house was mainly Celtic
origin, indicate the change in lifestyle still.
of the owner after the rectangular There was no hypocaust system , there
Roman house replaced the round were braziers instead (iron fireplace
house, with a grate).Thus showing that the
Roman amphora were found, basically residents were not fully Romanised,
the tin cans of the ancient world. They not taking advantage of all the Roman
were used to carry wine, oil, fish, comforts available, the brazier being
sauce, dried fruit, and grains. This more similar to open fires as normally
shows Romanisation ,the amphora evidenced to be used in the Celtic
coming from southern Italy and Spain, round houses.
thus the occupants must have been
quite prosperous in order to gain these
luxuries.…read more


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