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Slide 1

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What are the other explanations of memory?
Bartlett (1932) thought that
memory was not just a
stored copy of facts. He
said that we change our
memories to fit in with what
we already know, even
though we think we are
remembering exactly what
happened. This is known
as reconstructive memory
LO: To understand and explain
other explanations of memory…read more

Slide 2

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In a study of memory, Bartlett wanted
to examine how subjects remembered
pictures and stories.
Bartlett gave participants a North
American folk story to read. Over
varying periods, from a few hours to
several months, participants were
asked to recall everything they could
about the story.…read more

Slide 3

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The War of the Ghosts
One night two young men from Egulac went down to the river to hunt seals, and while
they were there it became foggy and calm. Then they heard war-cries, and they
thought: "Maybe this is a war-party". They escaped to the shore, and hid behind a log.
Now canoes came up, and they heard the noise of paddles, and saw one canoe coming
up to them. There were five men in the canoe, and they said: "What do you think? We
wish to take you along. We are going up the river to make war on the people". One of
the young men said: "I have no arrows". "Arrows are in the canoe", they said. "I will not
go along. I might be killed. My relatives do not know where I have gone. But you", he
said, turning to the other, "may go with them." So one of the young men went, but the
other returned home. And the warriors went on up the river to a town on the other side of
Kalama. The people came down to the water, and they began to fight, and many were
killed. But presently the young man heard one of the warriors say: "Quick, let us go
home: that Indian has been hit". Now he thought: "Oh, they are ghosts". He did not feel
sick, but they said he had been shot. So the canoes went back to Egulac, and the
young man went ashore to his house, and made a fire. And he told everybody and said:
" Behold I accompanied the ghosts, and we went to fight. Many of our fellows were
killed, and many of those who attacked us were killed. They said I was hit, and I did not
feel sick". He told it all, and then he became quiet. When the sun rose he fell down.
Something black came out of his mouth. His face became contorted. The people jumped
up and cried. He was dead.…read more

Slide 4

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Slide 5

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In the back of your book try and repeat the story you
have just read. Try and remember as many of the facts
and events as possible.…read more


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