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Baron-Cohen et al. 1997




Background

Carried out previous test on autistic
children
Sally-Anne test
Showed children did not have theory
of mind skills
However didn't help with more
advanced adult brain

Aim

Study was to see if high functioning
adults with autism would be
impaired on the theory-of-mind task
called…

Page 2

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Baron-Cohen et al. 1997

1 High functioning 28.6 13/3 National autistic
autistics (16) society mag + clinics
2 Normal (50) 30 25/25 Subject panel in uni
(random)
3 Tourettes syndrome (10) 27.77 8/2 London Referral centre


PPTS TESTED
o In their homes
o Researchers clinic
o Lab at uni

Eye…

Page 3

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Baron-Cohen et al. 1997

Usefulness
o Supports advance test of TOM
o Shows subtle differences in TOM between groups
Validity
o Lack ecological validity kept control over variables

Some PPTS tested in different locations

Holistic
o Not only looked at autistics and normal but also looked at another
mental condition…

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