Bangladesh floods

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Bangladesh floods
In 2004 Bangladesh was hit with floods affecting most people in Bangladesh, Dhaka the population
reaching 1 million people and washing away some houses with poor infrastructure. One woman said
that in the last 14 years the river had 'devoured' her homes 12 times.
Physical causes
Low-lying country
Received enormous amounts of water from the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, the Jamuna and
the Meghna
Snow melt from the Himalayas
Monsoon climate caused a lot of water from some cyclones
Annual rain combine with snowmelt caused floods and landslides
Human causes
Deforestation- for fire wood and building materials causes soil erosion and reduces
interception .
Irrigation for farming which causes river channels to silt up reducing their capacity to hold
flood waters
Global warming partly which increases monsoon rain and the speeding of melting of
Himalayan mountains
Developers use silt to build up land inside embankment for housing
Land grabbers clamouring for space means less channels to hold the flood waters
9 million people affected
800,000 hectares of agriculture land flooded and Dhaka the capital city
36 million people made homeless from a total of 125 million people
800 people died
roads, bridges, embankments, railway lines were damaged
Sylhet airport had to suspend flights in the day and night during July
40% of Dhaka underwater
100,000 people affected Water-borne diseases
city damaged
flood water receded in the office
buildings covered in plants and mud
Dirty water sewer water mixing
people with no food or fresh water
30 million people homeless
flood waters covered 60% of a nation of 140 million people
$7 billion worth of damage
Immediate flood management
Flood forecasting centre and Bangladesh water development board used media but many
are illiterate so reading and spreading the word was hard.
$210 million in aid by the UN money will be spent on infrastructure, healthcare and food
Flood shelters many feet above ground level
Oxfam distribute relief packages of food - contain basics like 32 kg of rice, 4kg of pulses,
4kg of cooking oil , salt, soap and some clothing

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One million water purification tablets
relief distribution
Approach/strategy Aim Advantage Disadvantage
Bangladesh centre To be more Can reduce amount Should of been done
for advanced studies- prepared and to be of lives lost and sooner. Rural parts
More strategic able to reduce the damage that needs of the country may
planning ahead of amount of disaster, to be done.…read more


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