Slides in this set
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
· The theory that people learn new behaviour through observational learning of the
social factors in their environment
· If people observe positive, desired outcomes in the observed behaviour, then they
are more likely to model, imitate and adopt the behaviour
· If the consequences are positive, or at least not punished, they imitate the
· Learning models can be by the 3 reinforcements; Positive, negative and Vicarious
(indirectly reinforced by a models behaviours for example copying the actions)…read more
AIMS AND HYPOTHESES
1. Children exposed to an aggressive model would produce more imitative
aggressive acts than children exposed to a non-aggressive model and
children not exposed to a model at all.
2. Exposing children to a non-aggressive model would have an inhibiting
effect on their aggressive behaviours and they would show significantly less
aggression than the control group who saw no model.
3.Boys would've been positively reinforced for aggressive behaviour.
Bandura expected boys to imitate more aggressive acts than girls especially
with a same-sex model.
4. The sex of model would have an effect; children more likely to copy a
Aim: To demonstrate that if children were passive witnesses to an aggressive model
they would imitate this aggressive behaviour when given the opportunity.…read more
1) Whether there was an adult model present or not
2) Whether the model was male or female
3) Whether the model behaved aggressively or non-aggressive
4) Amount of aggression demonstrated by the child in a later situation (both
imitative and non-imitative)…read more
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN METHOD
It is a snapshot lab experiment.
- PP matched across groups so no one group more aggressive than another at start
- This prevented subject variables influencing results
- The children were rated on aggression before being allocated a group
- Done by female experimenter and their nursery school teacher
- Rated on a 5 point scale for previous displays of physical and verbal aggression
towards objects and their ability to control their behaviour when angry.
- The aggressive behaviour during stage three was covertly observed during stage 3…read more
72 children (aged
between 37 and
Control group: 24
Aggressive role Non-aggressive
kids (12 boys and
model role model
All PP from Stanford University
Nursery School. Female role Female role
model (6 boys and model (6 boys and
6 girls) 6 girls)
Male role model (6 Male role model (6
boys and 6 girls) boys and 6 girls)…read more