Bam Earthquake detailed case study

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Kieran Podbury
CASE STUDY SUMMARY
Bam earthquake- Iran 2003
Case Study: Year
:
Event Profile
Magnitude Enormous Small
Speed of onset Rapid Slow
Duration Long Short
Areal extent Widespread Limited
Spatial predictability Random Predictable
Frequency Frequent Rare
Facts
Country Profile
Location Map
(2)
Population Human development index
Population of Bam 73,823 (2006) HDI: 0.742 2012 (5)
Population of Iran: 76.42 million (2012) (3)
GDP (US $) GDP per capita
514.1 billion USD (2011) (4) (US $) 7,228.02 USD (2012) (4)
Government Political Stability ­
Combatant Clergy Association (8) Although there is widespread discontent with the current Iranian
government, the current reports deem the regime stable, for now.
The public does not appear ready to take to the streets, and no
charismatic leader has emerged capable of mobilizing a large
cross-section of the population. Nevertheless, the public is losing
faith in the ballot box as a way to change the current regime due
to the complexity of the Iranian political system. The public's
preference for non violent, gradual change could be quickly
transformed into a direct confrontation violent campaign if the
current regime continues to disregard popular will and the
security forces continue to employ excessive force. (6)
What happened?

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Kieran Podbury
Magnitude / Location Ti
A Magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck the city of Bam and its m
surroundings in southeast Iran (29.10°N-58.…read more

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Kieran Podbury
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Kieran Podbury
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Kieran Podbury
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Kieran Podbury
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Kieran Podbury
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Tectonic situation (words) T
Iran lies on two different tectonic plates, with the south of the
country on the Arabian Plate, and the north on the Eurasian Plate.
Forming a convergent margin, with the Arabian Plate being pushed
northward by the movement of the African Plate to the south.…read more

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Kieran Podbury
Impacts-
colour code
social
economic
and
environme
ntal
Impacts
Headlines ­ List Impacts Details (and sources)
31,000 people killed, 30,000 injured Almost all who died during the earthquake were killed in buildings less
Short term 75,600 homeless and 95 percent of than 30 years old. Nearly 90% of the buildings in Bam suffered 60-100%
buildings damaged or destroyed in the destruction, and the remaining 10% suffered 40-60% damage. The
Bam area. (13) extent of destruction in some quarters of the city reached 100%.…read more

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Kieran Podbury
international rescue teams from 27
countries that arrived in Bam in the first
few days of the operation were paralyzed
by the chaos that reigned in the first few
days of the disaster. Several ministries,
the Red Crescent Society, the Relief
Committee, and the Revolutionary
Guards, all issued orders without
coordinating their efforts, and many lives
were lost as a result of poor
management.…read more

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Kieran Podbury
According to the UNDP Disaster Risk Management and Reconstruction Officer , of the 20,000 housing units to be
constructed in Bam, only 14,000 had been built by 2005, including 6,000 nearing completion, as well as 1,700 units
actually completed. Apparently, the maximum financial support to each family of U.S. Dollars 15,556 was simply not
enough to rebuild, time. By the 27th of December 2005, 645 millions dollars in loans and grants had been allocated
through banks.…read more

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