Attitudes to food and eating behaviour


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Attitudes to food and eating behaviour revision sheet
A01 Studies Evaluation & A02/3
Parental model ­ children observe Brown and Ogden (2004) - reported consistent correlations Research support ­ Meyer & Gast (2008)
the behaviour of their parents. between parents and their children in terms of snack food surveyed 10-12 year old girls and boys ­ found
Parents control the foods bought intake, eating motivations and body dissatisfaction. significant positive correlation between peer
and served in the home. influence and disordered eating ­ likeability of
peers considered most important factor of
Birch & Fisher (2000) studied mothers and
daughters ­ found best predictors of daughters
behaviour was their mum's dietary restraint.
Media affects ­ Evident in the Macintyre et al (1998) ­ found media have a major impact Much more than learning ­ social learning
impact of television and other both on what people eat and their attitudes to certain foods. explanation of eating behaviour focuses on role
media on attitudes to eating. However, they also state many eating behaviours are limited of fashion models. However, attitudes to food
People learn about healthy eating by personal circumstances. clearly a product of much more than social
from the media who push this learning alone. Evolutionary ­ our preference for
forward. The media also push fatty and sweet foods ­ direct result of evolved
forward many exercising adaption among distance ancestors.
programmes which celebrities are
said to of gone on in order for
them to lose weight.
Ethnicity ­ Much research into Ball and Kenardy (2002) ­ studies over 14,000 women in Ethnicity ­ most research found preoccupation
attitudes to food and eating Australia between 18-23 years old. All ethnic groups ­ longer with dieting and disordered eating ­ more
behaviour has focused on body time spend in Australia the more women reported attitudes common among white females than black or
dissatisfaction. It is suggested that and eating behaviours similar to women born in Australia Asian women. Other studies found opposite ­
body dissatisfaction and related (acculturation effect) Mumford et al (1991) ­ found incidence of
eating concerns are more evident in bulimia greater among Asian school girls than
white counterparts. Striegel-Moore et al (1995)

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Attitudes to food and eating behaviour revision sheet
white women than black or Asian ­ more evidence of a `drive for thinness' among
women (Powell and Khan, 1995) black girls than among white girls.…read more

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Attitudes to food and eating behaviour revision sheet
Cultural differences ­ Rozin et al (1999) explored
way that food functions in minds and lives of 4
different cultures (adults/ college students from
Belgium, France, U.S.A & Japan) ­ completed
survey ­ in all areas except beliefs about
importance of diet for health, they found
substantial cultural differences. All 4 countries,
females more than males shown patterns of
attitudes more like the American and less like
French.…read more

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Attitudes to food and eating behaviour revision sheet
Individual differences/ deterministic ­ this
theory suggests that parents will strongly
influence a child's food preferences, however,
many children don't like foods which their
parents do, for example some parents strongly
push healthy eating forwards, whilst their
children don't like the flavour of these foods and
want other foods such as McDonalds ­ this
suggests that other factors other than just
Parental Modelling can affect a child's food
preference and eating behaviours.…read more


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