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Attachment: Individual Differences

Not an `all or nothing' process.
Variation between children in the attachments they form.

Ainsworth & Bell (1971)
Controlled observation of children's attachment
behaviour using the "Strange Situation Classification'
Mother leaves her child in an unfamiliar environment.
A stranger came closer to the child.

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period of fear and unhappiness around anyone except their
parents. The child may burst into tears if an unknown
person makes eye contact or shriek if left even
momentarily in the care of an unfamiliar person.

Three patterns of attachment:
1. Secure (70% of sample)
2. Insecure ­ avoidant (20%)…


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