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Bowlby's attachment theory
Key features
Adaptive and innate-humans do it for survival and for best chances of
reproduction
Sensitive period- the first 6 months f infants life is the crucial time to form
attachments
Caregiving is adaptive- caregivers respond to social releasers e.g. crying,
smiling and laughing
Monotropy and hierarchy- Monotropy is the primary caregiver which gives
the infant the most attention and love, hierarchy are secondary caregivers which are
important for social development
Continuity hypothesis- the hypothesis suggests that the temperament of the
infant will be the same when they are and adult
Internal working model- infants develop a model of how relationships work.…read more

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Bowlby's attachment theory
Negatives
Critics disagree with the feature `caregiving is adaptive'
because they believe the personality of the infants
shapes the mothers responsiveness.
Other psychologists disagree with the feature
`Monotropy and hierarchy' they argue that all
attachment figures are equally as important for social
development.…read more

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Bowlby's attachment theory
Positives
Schaffer and Emerson key study
60 babies all 1 year olds.
Findings show the babies prefer the most sensitive
caregiver not just the one who feeds them.
Supports Bowlby's theory that attachment is inherited
behaviour.…read more

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Learning theory
Key features
Classical conditioning- Association
Unconditioned stimulus of food produces unconditioned response of pleasure, the
feeder becomes associated with the food and becomes a conditioned stimulus
producing a conditioned response- the infants seeks proximity to the feeder.
Operant conditioning- Reinforcement
Infant experiences drive state and feeder gives them food to relieve the drive state, this
is the primary reinforcer, the feeder becomes associated with the food and becomes
the secondary reinforcer- the infants seek the feeder as reward source.…read more

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Learning theory
Positives
Harlow key study
Monkeys with surrogate mothers.
Findings showed that the monkeys chose comfort rather
than food.
The findings support learning theory because it shows we
do learn through reinforcement and association.…read more

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