Attachment Summary

a summary on attachment

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  • Created by: Rezwana
  • Created on: 27-02-11 17:04
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Attachment Summary
Attachments are intense emotional relationships, which endure over time. They develop
through a series of stages.
The Strange situation is the most widely used observational method used to study
attachments. It comprises of eight episodes involving the baby, its mother, and a female
stranger. Most attention is given to the baby's reunion behaviour, and behaviour when
Ainsworth et al classified 70% as securely attached. The other attachment types are anxious
avoidant and anxious resistant. The baby's attachment type is related to the mother's
There are also cultural variations in attachment. This was studied by Sagi et al .But the
strange situation has been criticised as not being a valid measure of attachment.
There are two major of theories of attachment Cupboard love theories and Bowlby's theory.
cupboard love theories believe that food is the main focus of the attachment relationship.
Although there is not a great deal of research to support this idea.
Bowlby believed there is a critical period when attachment must form or it will not form at all.
Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis suggests that lack of attachment can have serious
consequences for children.
Deprivation is the loss of an attachment figure whereas privation is where an attachment is
never formed.
Deprivation can lead to affectionless psychopathy and behavioural problems, as well as
reading problems, whereas privation can lead to more serious problems such as the failure to
develop language.
There is much debate as to whether the effects of deprivation and privation are reversible.
The critical issue for attachment is daycare. The main focus of research concentrates on
whether daycare has a positive or negative effect on children's social and cognitive

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One study in Sweden by Andersson showed that day care has no effect on a child's
development. However, as the study was done in Sweden we can not generalise the findings.…read more

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