Slides in this set
· Suggests attachment is learned not innate.
· Children are born like blank slates and
everything they become can be explained by
the experiences they have.
· Popular in the 1st half of the 20th century.
· There are two
ways in which
· LEARNING THROUGH ASSOCIATION, e.g. Pavlov.
· Food, the unconditioned stimulus,
produces a sense of pleasure, an
unconditioned response, in an
· The person who feeds the infant
becomes associated with the food
· The `feeder' eventually produces
the pleasure associated with food on their own and pleasure
becomes the conditioned response.
· This association between the `feeder' and a sense of
pleasure is the attachment bond.…read more
· LEARNING THROUGH REINFORCEMENT, e.g. B. F. Skinner.
· Positive consequence = reinforcement.
Negative consequence = punishment.
· When an infant is fed this is a reward
and food becomes a primary reinforcer.
· The person who supplies the food is
associated with avoiding hunger and
becomes the secondary reinforcer.
· Attachment forms as the child seeks the person who can
supply the reward.…read more
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF
Adequate explanation of attachment Food may not have anything to do with
as we do learn through association and attachment:
reinforcement. Harry Harlow found the monkey
chose comfort over being fed.
Schaffer and Emerson (1964) found
infants were most attached to those
who were most responsive and
interacted with them the most, not
those who simply fed them.…read more
EVOLUTIONARY THEORY - BOWLBY
Attachment is an Attachment forms a secure base for the Link early
innate, adaptive infant that fosters independence not attachment
behaviour that dependence. with adult
increases chances of social/
survival and then Primary Internal Working emotional
reproduction- attachment = Model = template for competence=
evolution. monotropy future relationships. Continuity
There is a sensitive period in which
attachment should occur.
Infants are born with
e.g. the typical baby
face, that elicit care
giving. These are called
social releasers.…read more