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-Structural Consensus
Durkheim ­ Organismic Analogy
Compares Society to the Human body.
· Every part of the body has a function to keep it
alive and healthy > Every part of society has a
function to keep it going
· The body grows and develops > Societies
develop and gradually change
· All parts of the body link together in one system
> All parts of society work and depend on each
other ­ interdependency
· Body fights disease > Society deals with
problems e.g. with police…read more

Slide 3

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-Structural Consensus
Value Consensus ­ socialisation ­ we all learn the
same values and norms of a society
Social solidarity ­ Feeling of togetherness
Parsons ­
· Socialisation key to understanding human
· Without value consensus social order would
· Primary soc + Secondary soc = value consensus…read more

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· Based on assumption that there is consensus in
a society. And if there is this consensus then
why does conflict occur e.g. Crime and Civil way
· Over emphasising socialisation ­ it is argued
that it is not society that shapes the person
(Structural), it's the person that shapes its
society (Social action).
· Overstress the positive aspects and ignore the
negative. If socialisation is so affective, why is
there crime?
· Marxism and Feminism…read more

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MARXISM Concepts
- Structural Conflict
Capitalists/ Bourgeoisie Vs
Working class/ Proletariat
Economic determinism ­ Human society began when
people cooperated to get the goods they needed to
continue their existence. The methods used is the
determining force of the social structure
Class struggle ­ dominant Vs oppressed
Means of production ­ power comes from the mass of
Relations of production ­ owners of the economic
structure control society, create values and social
Socialists state ­ communism…read more

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MARXISM Concepts
- Cont...
Infra-Structure ­ means of production and
social relationships of production, forms the
economic base
Super structure ­ Socialisation: political,
schools, religion, family - the infrastructure
shapes the aspects in the super structure
False consciousness ­ the illusion of equality
and freedom ­ prevents revolution. However
if the working class feel alienated then they
might revolt.…read more

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