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THE SYMETRICAL
FAMILY DOES EXIST
Young and Willmott
· Now joint conjugal roles.
· Symmetrical ­ equal decision making
· Family Centred
· Women still do most work but it is helped
by modern technology
· Isolated Nuclear Family
· 72% of husbands did housework during a
week other than washing up *…read more

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THE SYMETRICAL
FAMILY DOESN'T EXIST
Parsons ­ Nuclear crucial for important roles
- Expressive and instrumental roles ­ sexual division of labour
- 1950s norms ­ men are stronger
Ann Oakley (criticises Young and Willmott)
- Methodology, there methods of questioning
- Own study ­ Joint con roles minority ­ 15% had husbands who
share domestic work to a high degree and 25% of these mens wives
had responsibility of children
- Social class also an issue ­ greater equality in middle rather than
working
Oakley ­ small sample only 40 couples in London
Edgell (criticises Young and Willmott)
- Surveyed couples on decision frequency and importance in middle
class
- Result: Men most important decision, Women most frequent ones.
*
Duncombe and Marsden ­ tripple Shift…read more

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RECENT STUDIES INTO
THE SYMETRICAL FAMILY
Gershuny ­ Full time worker wives do less housework.
Housewife ­ 83%, Working wives ­ 73% of domestic work :
Improvement in equality women work and do less domestic
Dunne ­ There is a division because of `genderscripts' ­ inner
norm that shapes the roles in a marriage
There is symmetry in lesbian couples (study of 37 with depend
children)
ONS Survey 2001­ Women: 2hrs30mins on domestic work, Men:
1hr per day and more maintenance work.
Hardill ­ Move towards equality. Professional families, both had
careers but males took priority. Also more likely male made
important decisions.
Future Foundations (agreed with hardills study) ­ Women still
do more but in 1000 Adults 75% Females did less house work *
than their mothers and 60% Males did more than their fathers…read more

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Roles and relationships
facts/ sociologist summery
Young + Willmott
Ann Oakley
Equal decisions
CRIT ­ Methodology
Gershuny Women helped by
15% husbands share
Housewife ­ technology
domestic work
83%, 72% of husbands
25% of wives
Working wives did
Dunne
responsibility of children
­ 73% of work housework during
CONJUGAL ROLES
Duncomb Genderscr Future
JOINT CONJUGAL
Improvement Foundations a week
ipts ­
SEGREGATED
and ONS
inner Survey in equality 1000 Adults, 75%
marsden
Triple norm 2001 Females
ROLES
Shift that Women: - less house work
2hrs30mins than mothers
shapes
Parsons Men: 1hr 60% Males
the roles per day.
Sexual - more than their
37 Hardill fathers
division Lesbian Move towards
of labour couples equality.
1950s Both had careers
norms but males priority.
Edgel Males - important
Men most important decisions.
decision,
Women most frequent *
ones.…read more

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DOMESTIC
VIOLENCE
· Physical, psychological, sexual or financial
abuse
· Involving controlling behavior from partners,
ex partners, household members and other
relatives.
· Unreported ­ Yearshine ­ 35 assaults before
going to the police. Less likely to be reported.
· Unrecorded ­ Cheal ­ Police reluctant to
investigate ­ private sphere, family is good *
ignore the dark side, free agents…read more

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