Slides in this set
Within the family!
Past Exam Essay Questions:
(f) Assess the view that `the division of labour within couples has become more or less equal'. (June
(f) Assess the view that the positions of men and women in the family have changed in recent years. (Jan
(f) Assess the view that it no longer makes sense to talk about the `patriarchal' family. (May 2003)
(f) Assess the effect upon couples' relationships of women's involvement in paid work. (Jan 2005)
(f) Assess the view that marriage remains a patriarchal institution. (May 2005)
(e) Examine the ways in which feminist sociologists have contributed to our understanding of family roles
and relationships (Jan 2006)
(e) Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples.
(f) Assess the extent to which `husbands and wives now have a relationship based on equality' (May*2008)
(e) Assess the view that gender roles & relationships have become more equal in family life (May 2009)…read more
FAMILY DOES EXIST
Young and Willmott
· Now joint conjugal roles.
· Symmetrical equal decision making
· Family Centred
· Women still do most work but it is helped
by modern technology
· Isolated Nuclear Family
· 72% of husbands did housework during a
week other than washing up *…read more
FAMILY DOESN'T EXIST
Parsons Nuclear crucial for important roles
- Expressive and instrumental roles sexual division of labour
- 1950s norms men are stronger
Ann Oakley (criticises Young and Willmott)
- Methodology, there methods of questioning
- Own study Joint con roles minority 15% had husbands who
share domestic work to a high degree and 25% of these mens wives
had responsibility of children
- Social class also an issue greater equality in middle rather than
Oakley small sample only 40 couples in London
Edgell (criticises Young and Willmott)
- Surveyed couples on decision frequency and importance in middle
- Result: Men most important decision, Women most frequent ones.
Duncombe and Marsden tripple Shift…read more
RECENT STUDIES INTO
THE SYMETRICAL FAMILY
Gershuny Full time worker wives do less housework.
Housewife 83%, Working wives 73% of domestic work :
Improvement in equality women work and do less domestic
Dunne There is a division because of `genderscripts' inner
norm that shapes the roles in a marriage
There is symmetry in lesbian couples (study of 37 with depend
ONS Survey 2001 Women: 2hrs30mins on domestic work, Men:
1hr per day and more maintenance work.
Hardill Move towards equality. Professional families, both had
careers but males took priority. Also more likely male made
Future Foundations (agreed with hardills study) Women still
do more but in 1000 Adults 75% Females did less house work *
than their mothers and 60% Males did more than their fathers…read more
Roles and relationships
facts/ sociologist summery
Young + Willmott
Gershuny Women helped by
15% husbands share
83%, 72% of husbands
25% of wives
Working wives did
responsibility of children
73% of work housework during
Duncomb Genderscr Future
Improvement Foundations a week
inner Survey in equality 1000 Adults, 75%
Triple norm 2001 Females
Shift that Women: - less house work
2hrs30mins than mothers
Parsons Men: 1hr 60% Males
the roles per day.
Sexual - more than their
37 Hardill fathers
division Lesbian Move towards
of labour couples equality.
1950s Both had careers
norms but males priority.
Edgel Males - important
Men most important decisions.
Women most frequent *
· Physical, psychological, sexual or financial
· Involving controlling behavior from partners,
ex partners, household members and other
· Unreported Yearshine 35 assaults before
going to the police. Less likely to be reported.
· Unrecorded Cheal Police reluctant to
investigate private sphere, family is good *
ignore the dark side, free agents…read more