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Symbolic Interaction
· People interpret symbols · These interpretations can
everyday (e.g. Voice then influence behaviour,
tone, appearance, how we see ourselves
mannerisms etc.) and how we view and act
towards other people
(how we all interact)
· As we grow up we
develop our self-concept
(the image we have of
ourselves) from the way
people act towards us ­
the symbols they give us…read more

Slide 3

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Sociologists
· Ball ­ factors other than economic ability came into
setting bands (beachside comp)
­ Self fulfilling prophecy ­ behavior worsens
­ Lower bands practical subjects ­ working class
­ Difficult to teach and uncooperative
­ Relationship between banding and performance
· Hargreaves ­ how students have come to be classified
­ Interviews and observations
­ Factors like living location, appearance, personality
­ Pupils actions interpreted in light of these labels
­ Those seen as deviant hard to see in positive light
· Rosenthal and Jacobson ­ test self fulfilling prophecy
­ Teachers communicate their beliefs that some students are brighter than
others
­ Self fulfilling prophecy ­ teachers facial expressions, manner, posture…read more

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Criticisms
· Methods not reliable
· Ignores macro perspective
­ Doesn't explain where teachers definitions of
pupils come from and why they are
· Assumes pupils are just passive to the
labels given ­ not all accept
­ Mirza
· Black girls, self negating prophecy…read more

Slide 5

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Interactionism FACTS/
SOCIOLOGISTS SUMMERY
· Symbolic interactionism ­ Structural Theory
­ Individuals react to external factors
· Ball ­ factors other than economic ability came
into setting bands (beachside comp)
· Hargreaves ­ how students have come to be
classified
· Rosenthal and Jacobson ­ test self fulfilling
prophecy
· Mirza ­ Self negating prophecy…read more

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