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Application of Knowledge
Question
· Jake has been given a list of words that all
sound very similar and John has been
given a list of words that all have the same
meaning. Jake was asked to recall the
words immediately within a 30 second
period. John was asked to recall the
words after an interval of 5 minutes.
Explain which forms of encoding will be
preferred by Jake and John [4 marks]…read more

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Application of Knowledge
· Answer
Jake will encode the word using the acoustic code.
This is because the words sound very similar and
acoustic encoding is based on the sound of the word.
It is also because he is asked to recall the words
within 30 seconds and this is within the duration of
the STM and acoustic encoding is preferred by the
STM.
· John will encode the words based on the fact that
they have similar meaning and so he will encode
them semantically. This is because he was asked to
recall the words after an interval of 5 minutes. This is
beyond the duration of the STM, and so will require
the LTM, which prefers semantic encoding.…read more

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Recognition Question
· The following terms relate to memory, two of
which have been defined in the table. Match the
correct term to the appropriate definition [2
marks]
­ Encoding
­ Capacity
­ Duration
­ Retrieval…read more

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Recognition Answer…read more

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Recognition Question
· Complete the gaps in the following table into the
nature of the STM and the LTM [4 marks]…read more

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