AS Psychology Unit 2: Stress & Social Influence (All the studies you need to know)

This is a .doc file that contains all of the studies you will need to know to get an A on your Psychology AS Paper Unit 2, however this doesn't include Abnormality. In this document I also link to a YouTube channel that has been made by my teacher and it has very handy lectures that you can watch for recap.

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  • Created by: Kamil
  • Created on: 04-06-14 20:47
Preview of AS Psychology Unit 2: Stress & Social Influence (All the studies you need to know)

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APFCCS stands for (Aims, Procedures, Findings, Conclusions, Criticisms & Strengths) I know
that criticisms can be positive two but I liked to separate them like that.
This type up is primarily based on video lectures done by my Psychology teacher Ms Maduka
you can find her videos here:
Psychology AS Paper 2 all the studies to remember (Stress and Social Influence, this
doesn't include Abnormality) ­
Stress and the immune system:
Kiecolt-Glaser et al.
A ­ To see if short term stressors (exams) had an effect on the immune system
P ­ Natural experiment, Medical students, blood samples were taken a month before (low stress)
and during the exam (high stress), they measured the activity of the NK cells in the blood samples to
assess the immune system functioning.
F ­ NK cell activity was significantly reduced in the second sample compared to the first (1 month
before), Student reported loneliness had the lowest NK activity.
C ­ Short term stressors reduce immune system functioning
C ­ Population validity (Medical students)
S ­ Real world applications development of stress coping strategies
Malarkey et al.
A ­ To see if long term stressors (chronic stress) has effect on the immune system
P ­ 90 Newly wed couples, 24 hr. period in the lab, asked to discuss and resolve marital issues
(conflict), measured levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline in their system
F ­ Significant changes in adrenaline and noradrenaline, could lead to poorer immune functioning
C ­ On going marital conflicts in the home may have a big impact in functioning of the immune system.
C ­ Lab ­ artificial setting therefore the behaviour may not have been natural and due to the
unknown area could have led to higher levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline
S ­ Lab ­ high level control, reduces extraneous variables
Life changes:
Rahe et al.
A ­ To see if the number of life events a person experienced would be positively correlated with

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P ­ 2700 navy men, filled in the SRE/SRRS before boarding for duty for life events within the
previous 6 months. (LCU) illness record was kept during the tour.
F ­ Positive correlation between CU and illness score, Men with low LCU also had fewer illnesses,
men with higher LCU had higher rates of illness.
C ­ The actual change of a situation is the most important rather than the situation itself.…read more

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C ­ Uplifts can be beneficial to counteract negative experiences
C ­ Population validity
S ­ Use of questionnaires (Quantitative data easy to analyse and draw conclusions)
Marmot et al.…read more

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F ­ After 8 ½ years twice as many type A participants had died from heart problems. Over 12% type
a participants had experienced heart attack, high blood pressure and higher cholesterol.
C ­ Personality type is high risk factor in stress related illness
C ­ Population validity
S ­ Real world applications development of stress coping strategies.…read more

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A ­ To see if ordinary people will obey a legitimate authority even when required to injure an
innocent person
P ­ Lab experiment at Yale uni, America, two confederates the researcher and the learner and one
real ppt (the teacher), real participant always drew the role of the teacher (drew lots) teacher was
told to shock the learner with increasingly strong electric shocks (15 volt increments) if the learner
got question wrong "Remote condition" learner gave mainly wrong answers sitting in another room.…read more


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