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Cognitive Psychology

The Trace Decay Theory of Forgetting

This is a theory of forgetting in short term memory. The theory suggests that learning causes
a physical change in the neural network of memory system, creating a memory trace or
engram. If the memory trace is not reinforced by practise it…

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1. External cues are things in the environment when we were learning and which act as
cues to help us remember. These led to context dependent memory.
2. Internal cues are things in our mind when we were learning and our physical state when
learning, which act as cues to…


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