AS AQA Population Case Studies

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Impacts on migration on natural population change on a rural areas (Isle of Purbeck)
The Isle of Purbeck is located in the south of England in Dorset. In the past 4 0
years, the population has grown and, in 2001, the population was 44,400.
The isle of Purbeck generally has an elderly population, 21.77% of the population
are over the age of 65 vs 15.89% in the rest of England. This is likely due to the
attractiveness of the area for retirement, and many young people are migrating
out looking for work.
The death rate in the area was 11.9 per thousand and the birth rate was 10.1 per
thousand in 2001. Also I Studland the death rate was 19.6 per thousand, this is
mainly due to the higher proportion of elderly people.
Ethnic diversity is minimal in Purbeck is minimal at 98.8% of the population being white
compared to 90.9% in the rest of England.
Housing problems in Purbeck
The isle of Purbeck has a high cost of housing; the prices have risen exponentially in the past
few years, largely due to migrants, second home owners and retirees. As there's a lot of
people trying to purchase a small number of homes, the cost of homes has risen, forcing
locals out of the area. This problem has worsened due to low pay, or lack of, jobs.
The quantity and quality of services in the Isle of Purbeck has seen a sharp decline in recent
years. General stores have become rare, with three out of four villages having no general
store. Post offices, petrol stations and public houses have closed, however the number of
general practices has been rising in the area. Since 1992, nine surgeries have opened and no
schools have been closed.
There is also little Food shops, many people have to travel far distances to pucahse their
food. Services have also become combines for example the post office services also acts as
a transport service.
Public transport
Public transport is very poor in the area, there are a total of four bus routes covering the
area and a ferry.
Impacts on migration on natural population change on a urban areas (Slough, Polish

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Population changes
High birth rates as migrants have children
A lot of middle ages people to due migration into Slough
Employments in healthcare services
There is a strain on the healthcare system meaning an
increase in the staff needed to work, these staff will also
need to be trained
As there is a higher working age population, there will
be a higher birth rate meaning more strain on hospitals, especially maternity wards.…read more

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Over the last 40 years the fertility rate in Britain has fallen, however the birth rate has now
risen over the last decade. It is currently 1.9 children per woman, the highest since 1973, but
nothing compared to 2.93 in 1964.…read more

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Health of mothers and children is adversely affected by high fertility
Early child bearing has a number of socio-economic and health consequences
Teenage pregnancies increases the number of young mothers who lack material
resources or experience to support their children
Encourages school drop outs which then acts as a barrier to the educational and
career advancement of women and their future independence
Exposure to aids is increased with early pregnancies.…read more

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Couples that have more than one child don't get any benefits and are also fined
part of their income
Over the years the policy has changed so there are more exceptions
In some rural areas couples are allowed to have a second child if the first is a girl, or has a
physical disability. This is because more children are still needed to work on farms in rural
areas.…read more

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Millions of people have been moved from the densely populated islands like Java, to the less
densely populated islands like Sumatra
Did it work?
Millions of people have been moved, but the population still isn't much more evenly
Not all the people who were moved escaped poverty, either they didn't have the skills to
farm the land, or the land was too poor to be farmed on their new island
Lots of the people were moved to land that was already occupied by native…read more

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Housing type
The general housing is quite moderate with the average at £194,000. This is because the homes are
quite old however has been redeveloped. The house prices may be lower as an effort to try and
attract more people into the area.
Generally most of the people in Byker are of a White ethnicity as 95.4% of people are White. The
next highest Ethnicity is Asian at 3.9% of population. There is also small amount of Black ethnicity at
0.…read more

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Also there was a Raby Walk created that allowed people
to easily get around.
How did it meet the needs of the local population?
It met the needs as it provided easy transport for people, many people were elderly therefore
paths and easy transport is necessary for them to get around. More transport will also benefit the
working population as it will allow them to get to work easier than if the transport links weren't
there.…read more

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Between 1770 and 1870, infant mortality fell, mainly was a result of improved nutrition
1780 onwards, improvements in agriculture helped to provide a reliable food supply for the
From 1800, Industrial revolution led to the move into the towns, factory owners had to
ensure an efficient food supply for the workforce
DR increased due to sanitary conditions in the towns
Public health act 1875 ­ improved water supply and sewage disposal systems
Compulsory education and factory reforms after 1870 made employment of…read more


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