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· Should Britain have a codified/written constitution?
· Parliamentary sovereignty --> getting stronger/weaker?
· Separation of Powers? Erosions/Strengthening? Good/bad?
· Constitutional Reforms - Labour govt. 1997 reforms (HRA, HoL)
· Human Rights Act/Judiciary
· Are courts increasingly taking on quasi-govt. roles through judicial reviews - Judicial Activism?…

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Entrenchment - protects the constitution from short term amendment so that the constitution is
secured and difficult to change. In the UK it is not possible to entrench principles as parliament is

Constitutionalism - to be bound and checked by the rules on how a country is governed. Upholding…

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Parliamentary sovereignty is
Name of limitation Parliament remains sovereign
All people (over 18) can vote, so the The people do not decide the Laws.
Mass electorate people have sovereignty as they Legal sovereignty remains with
decide the make up of Parliament. Parliament.
All referendums are non-binding so
Remove powers…

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How does the Constitution limit the Executive?
Limitations No limitations
· Parliamentary sovereignty
No govt. can bind its successors
· Parliamentary sovereignty/government
Law made by current govt. can be
Govt. has a majority so should win
replaced/altered by the next (e.g.
every vote in HoC
GLA Blair/Thatcher)
Party discipline: govt.…

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Human Rights Act (1998) incorporates Derogation from Article 5 of
European Convention on Human Rights into Human Rights Act (2002-05)
UK law. overturned.
Freedom of Information Act (2000) gives New Bill of Rights and Duties
greater access to information held by public was proposed but no legislation
bodies. was…

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without fear of the consequences.
· Judicial neutrality - Where judges operate impartially in their administration of justice. It is an
essential requirement of the rule of law.
· Politicisation - The process by which individuals traditionally regarded as being beyond the party
political fray are drawn into it. Politicisation…


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