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The Legislature

A legislature is a lawmaking body. In the UK, parliament consists of two chambers ­ it is a
bicameral system ­ the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

The membership of the Commons:

The Commons consists of 650 MPs.
Elected in singlemember constituencies via the FirstPastThePost…

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The membership of the Lords:

Life peers Peers that are appointed under the Life Peerages Act 1958. They used
to be appointed by the prime minister, with recommendations made by the opposition.
Since 2000, nonpartypolitical life peers are recommended and vetted by the House
of Lords Appointments Commission. There are…

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The whip system ensures that government proposals are rarely defeated and that
most amendments are acceptable to it.
The Lords scrutinises and revises legislation, but does not alter the key features of
most bills.
2) Scrutiny ­ Parliament holds the executive accountable for its actions through a
number of ways:…

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encourages a culture of `constructive cooperation'. DSCs can scrutinise ministers
via sustained questioning, it has a preemptive effect on ministers ­ who often are
given detailed briefing ­ unlike PMQs which is pantomime politics in which MPs use
`soundbites' to play to the gallery. DSCs increases focus and specialisation for…

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matter. MPs signal that they want to speak by standing up from their seat
'catching the Speaker's eye' or they can notify the Speaker in advance by
writing. The Speaker has full authority to make sure MPs follow the rules of the
House during debates. This includes directing an MP…


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