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Slide 1

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The North and South of the
US in the Early Nineteenth
Century…read more

Slide 2

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Economic Differences and Similarities
North: South:
There were many cities, so it became The warm climate and fertile soils were
very industrialized. perfect for agriculture.
There were many factories, manufacturing Cash crops were grown in plantations
irons, metal and textiles. which were very far apart, and were in
The North favoured high tariffs as they themselves small towns.
didn't export many of their products, and The main cash crop was cotton, as the
believed that high tariffs would protect their invention of the cotton gin in 1793 greatly
industry from foreign competition. increased the cotton industry. Cotton was
Had a predominatantly agricultural seen as the `king'.
economy, yet Northern farms were far The cash crops were exported to be sold in
smaller compared to the large Southern other countries.
plantations. There were few factories, and the only big
city was New Orleans.
The South was against tariffs as the crops
they grew were mostly exported and they
believed that high tariffs would scare away
their foreign market.…read more

Slide 3

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Social Differences and Similarities
North: South:
The North had a more organised education The South had poorer education, with fewer
with schools in almost every town. schools.
Those in the North were reasonably well Some wealthy planters sent their sons to
private schools or hired private tutors, but
educated and literate.
generally, those in the South had little
Many immigrants settled in the North, so education.
the North saw a large population increase in The population of the South also rose like the
the early Nineteenth Century. Northern population, although this was due to
Many railroads were built to transport the importation of slaves, with slaves making up
manufactured products. 1/3 of a population of 12 million. ¼ of the
There was twice as much railroad in the population owned slaves.
North than in the South. Railroads in the South were built, but to a
lesser extent than in the North.
Crops were mostly transported by steamboats
to the North and Europe.…read more

Slide 4

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Cultural Differences and Similarities
North: South:
The North was very cultural due to its large The South was not as cultural as the North as
cities, with art galleries and theatres playing a there were few large cities due to the large
big part. plantations.
Most Northerners were protestant and religion The South was more slow-paced than the
was very organised. Most towns had churches North and there weren't as many churches in
and religion was culturally important. towns.
The North saw the South as backwards Southerners weren't as religious as
because of the slavery in the South and the Northerners.
recreational activities in the South, such a fox The South was more chivalrous than the North
hunting and cock fighting. and still held duels.
The population of the North was mostly The South saw the North as radical as it was
Christian. must more industrialised. They also saw the
Both the North and South spoke the same Northerners as ill-mannered and hypocritical.
language. The South was also racist as they used slave
The North held racist views. Although against labour.
slavery, they still did not believe in racial
equality.…read more

Slide 5

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Summary Social:
Socially, the North had better education
Economic: than the South, and was more religious.
However, there were some similarities,
The economies of the North and South were such as the population growth and transport.
largely different as the North and South held
different views on tariffs, and the North was
more industrialised than the South.
However, both Northern and Southern
economies were based around agriculture.
In conclusion, there were many economical,
social and cultural differences between the
North and South in the early Nineteenth
The largest difference appears to be the
economy, as the North was far more industrial
than the South, and held a different view to the
There were as many differences as there
South on tariffs.
were similarities in terms of culture in the
Although the North and South both had
North and South, with the same language,
agricultural economies, there were not many
religion and racist views being held.
similarities. Whereas the North had many
factories, the South was built up of larger
plantations.…read more


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