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Alternative Electoral Systems
1. Majoritarian systems
Second Ballot
2. Proportional systems
Party list
Majoritarian Rep/ Systems
Second Ballot

Used to elect a single winner. One votes for their candidate with a single vote.
However, if no candidate receives an absolute majority...all but the top 2 candidates…

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1. It keeps the main advantage of FPTP keep small-single member constituencies.
2. Gives voters flexibility. Can put more preferences down.
3. Incentive for more people to vote due to 2nd and 3rd preference vote. (Fewer wasted
votes, better turnout)
4. Fairer to third parties. LD would gain more seats…

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7 others 235,995
LD eliminated and 7 others eliminated
Overall standings, 1st vote and sup vote = Boris Johnson 1.168,738 .Ken Livingstone

Strengths of SV
1) Gives the winner more legitimacy. Strengthens their mandate
2) Keeps single member constituencies.
3) Easy to understand.(London Evening Standard majority of voters understood…

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E.g. Euro 2009 elections LD 14 votes 16% seats
UKIP 16 votes 19% seats

Allows a small party to win seats.
Greens got 8% votes and 2 seats in Euro 2009 + BNP got 6% and 2 seats.

They won seats with these percentages. Therefore, MEPS from 8 different parties…

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Strengths of AMS

Some say this system gives you the best of the both worlds in that you get a proportional
outcome but you keep what many regard as the main purpose of FPTP ­ single member
It does provide a fair outcome. (E.g. Welsh Ass elections in 2007,…


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