AS Government and Poltics, Unit 1: Alternative Electoral Systems

AS Government and Poltics, Unit 1: Alternative Electoral Systems

HideShow resource information
Preview of AS Government and Poltics, Unit 1: Alternative Electoral Systems

First 280 words of the document:

Alternative Electoral Systems
1. Majoritarian systems
Second Ballot
2. Proportional systems
Party list
Majoritarian Rep/ Systems
Second Ballot
Used to elect a single winner. One votes for their candidate with a single vote.
However, if no candidate receives an absolute majority...all but the top 2 candidates are
eliminated and second round of voting between top 2 occurs.
Whole point of majoritarian rep is to make sure that the candidates do produce a winner
with a majority.
Alternative Vote
Used to elect Australian Lower House (H of C) and labour leaders in UK
Ballot papers identical to FPTP (i.e. 1 candidate per party)
You vote preferentially ­ as many preferences as there are candidates
1st preferences are counted- if a candidate has 50+% then they are elected, however if not,
bottom candidate eliminated and his/her supporters 2nd preferences are added to the
totals of remaining candidates.
Labour Leadership Contest 2010
D.Miliband 38% 39% 43% 49.3%
E.Miliband 34% 37% 41% 50.7%
Ed Balls 12% 13% 16% -------
Andy Burnham 8% 10% ------
Diane Abbot 7% ------
After 1st round, DA was eliminated as she had lowest % of votes. Her 2nd preference votes were
then added to the other 4 contestants.
After 2nd round, AB was eliminated as he had lowest % of votes. His 2nd preferences were then
added to the other 3 contestants.
After 3rd round, EB was eliminated as he had lowest % of votes. His 2nd preferences were then
added to the other 2 contestants. No majority, look at 3rd and 4th preference votes until
Strengths of AV

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

It keeps the main advantage of FPTP keep small-single member constituencies.
2. Gives voters flexibility. Can put more preferences down.
3. Incentive for more people to vote due to 2nd and 3rd preference vote. (Fewer wasted
votes, better turnout)
4. Fairer to third parties. LD would gain more seats this way as they often come second.
(Under AV, according to British electoral survey LibDem would have gained 100 seats.
5. Wouldn't give confidence to extremist parties E.g. BNP wouldn't get many preference
6.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

LD eliminated and 7 others eliminated
Overall standings, 1st vote and sup vote = Boris Johnson 1.168,738 .Ken Livingstone
Strengths of SV
1) Gives the winner more legitimacy. Strengthens their mandate
2) Keeps single member constituencies.
3) Easy to understand.(London Evening Standard majority of voters understood how SV works and
happy with this statement)
4) Factors in a wide range of 2nd preferences votes. Unlike AV, where its only the bottom place
candidates 2nd preference.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

E.g. Euro 2009 elections LD 14 votes 16% seats
UKIP 16 votes 19% seats
Allows a small party to win seats.
Greens got 8% votes and 2 seats in Euro 2009 + BNP got 6% and 2 seats.
They won seats with these percentages. Therefore, MEPS from 8 different parties reflects
dimensional society of Britain.
Because smaller parties have a chance of winning, widens choice for voters. (No wasted
votes in Party list)
Voters get a variety of reps, from a variety of parties.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Strengths of AMS
Some say this system gives you the best of the both worlds in that you get a proportional
outcome but you keep what many regard as the main purpose of FPTP ­ single member
It does provide a fair outcome. (E.g. Welsh Ass elections in 2007, the Cons get 22% votes
20% seats)
Gives voters a variety of reps. (E.g.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all resources »