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An Intermediate Conclusion
Definition: a conclusion drawn on the way to the
stronger and most important conclusion (the Main
Conclusion). It acts as a Reason for the Main
Conclusion and is itself supported by Reasons
E.g. (R1) Very cold winters lead to high numbers of elderly people needing to be
admitted to hospital. (R2) We are expecting a very cold winter. (IC) So we should expect
high numbers of elderly people needing to be admitted to hospital. (MC) Therefore we
will need to ensure that we have enough hospital beds to met demand.
We can tell the main conclusion and the intermediate conclusion from the indicator
words ­ `so' and `therefore'. We can also tell which conclusion is the main one as it is the
strongest - the other conclusion acts as support for it.…read more

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How do you spot an Intermediate
Conclusion from a Main Conclusion?
There are 3 steps:
1) Identify all the conclusions present by looking for
indicator words e.g. therefore, hence,
consequently, should, this ...
2) Next, decide which statement supports the
other. The intermediate conclusion will act as a
reason for the main conclusion
3) Check that the argument will not work the other
way round ­ if you swap around the
Intermediate Conclusion with the Main
Conclusion it wont make sense…read more

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Spot the Intermediate Conclusion:
Using the 3 steps, try and find the Reason(s), Intermediate Conclusion and
Main Conclusion in this passage:
"John wants to audition for a local rock band. He
plays guitar but is also a good drummer. The
band play gigs all over the city and therefore
John would need a car to transport his drum kit
around with him to gigs. John does not have
enough money to buy a car and consequently it
would be better if he auditioned on guitar."…read more

Slide 5

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Answer:
" (R1) John wants to audition for a local rock
band. (R2) He plays guitar but is also a good
drummer. (R3) The band play gigs all over the
city and therefore (IC) John would need a car to
transport his drum kit around with him to gigs.
(R4) John does not have enough money to buy a
car and consequently (MC) it would be better if
he auditioned on guitar."…read more

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A Counter Argument
Definition: A Counter Argument within a passage
pays brief reference to an opposing viewpoint via a
Counter Conclusion and brief Counter Reason.
The author will then dismiss the Counter Argument
using Reasons and the Main Conclusion.
Indicator words: some people
say/claim/think/argue, it has been suggested,
although, despite, however, initially…read more

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