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Naming Alkanes




Types of Formula:

Molecular formula (C4H10)
Structural formula (CH3CHCH3CH3 or CH3CH(CH3)CH3)
Displayed formula
Skeletal formula




CH3CH(CH3)CH(CH3)CH(CH3)CH2CH3




Cyclic Alkanes

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Cycloalkanes ­ general formula CnH2n (same as alkenes)




Naming Branched Cycloalkanes




1,2-dimethylcyclohexane




Alkanes

Found in crude oil ­ complex mixture of hydrocarbons ­ C+H.
Separated by fractional distillation ­ separed by boiling points into fractons. (a small mixture of hydrocarbons
with similar boiling points.

Explaining the trend in boiling points…

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