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Chapter 1.5 ­ Introductory Organic Chemistry

Organic molecules can be classified based on the carbon chain: -

Aliphatic molecules ­ Contain straight or branched chain carbon skeleton,
Alicyclic
Arenes

Organic molecules can also be classified on the basis on whether they are saturated fatty acids or
unsaturated fatty acids.

E.g.…

Page 2

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Alkyl groups: -

Methyl CH
Ethyl CH The side
Propyl CH chain
H
E.g.

H C H 2-Methyl Propane


H H
The carbon to
H C C C H which the
methyl is
H H H attached to

If there is more than one side-chain, then you name it in…

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