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Page 1

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Differences in Educational Achievement

Internal External Class Gender Ethnic
Cultural Deprivation Intellectual Development Intellectual and Linguistic skills =
Development of thinking and reasoning Shann Report ­ When English isn't
skills. spoken at home, it does not hold
J.W.B Douglas found that working class students back in educational
children scored lower…

Page 2

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Differences in Educational Achievement

Material Deprivation Diet and Health Flaherty = Ethnic minorities are more
A poorer unbalanced diet can cause likely to be materially deprived.
ill-health resulting in absence from Pakistanis and Bangladeshis are
school. 3x more likely to be in the
poorest 1/5 of the population
African and…

Page 3

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Differences in Educational Achievement

Health ­ Cold or damp can cause
ill-health and frequent absence from
Costs of free education ­ Many
working class children lack the
resources that would enhance their
educational experience.
Many W.C children have to have
hand-me-downs and are stigmatised by
their peers
Fear of…

Page 4

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Differences in Educational Achievement

emerge as a failure pushed them to seek alternative
response to status through their peers in the same
being labelled subculture
Peter wood (F.Response to Labels) =
Ingratiation = Teachers Pet
Ritualism = Staying out of trouble
Retreatism = Daydreaming, mucking
Rebellion = Rejection of…

Page 5

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Differences in Educational Achievement

Asian Pupils were labelled as having
poorer English as well as being easily
marginalised and ignored.
Mirza Identified 3 types of teacher
The colour blind = Teachers who
believe all pupils are equal but let
racism go unchallenged
Liberal Chauvernists = Teachers who
believe black…

Page 6

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Differences in Educational Achievement

subcultures and school, they keep a
low profile
Innovators = Pro Education, Anti
School. Distance themselves from
the conformists enough to gain
credibility from the rebels whilst
valuing success
Ethnocentric Sociologists are critical of the
Curriculum = curriculum for giving priority to the
Describes an host…

Page 7

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Differences in Educational Achievement

Impacts of Feminism 1) Raised woman's
2) Achieved legal rights
in many areas
3) Raised self-esteem
4) Increased the choices
available to woman

Sue Sharpe compared girls
aspirations between 1976 and
McRobbie content analysis of
girls magazines
1970s "keeping husband
1990s "careers"

Page 8

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Differences in Educational Achievement

from 47% 1959 to 85%
The gender pay gap has
decreased from 30% to
17% since 1975
More woman breaking
through the glass ceiling

Girls changing Previous three arguments
ambitions show those women are being
perceived differently in
contemporary society. And
there ambitions are growing.…

Page 9

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Differences in Educational Achievement

show woman can reach
positions of authority
GCSEs and 1988 = GCSEs and Coursework
Coursework introduced
Mitsos & Browne support the
view arguing girls are more
organised and conscientious
Girls mature earlier, giving
them an advantage as they
can concentrate longer
Oral exams at GCSE benefits…

Page 10

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Differences in Educational Achievement

Reading schemes
portrayed women as
Physics books showed
women to be amazed by
Maths books depicted
boys as more inventive

Gaby Weiner raised girl's
achievements by presenting
women of a more positive
image of what they can do.
Literacy Reading has been feminised


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