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Definition: Free flowing natural, organic forms and sinuous lines.
Style of art, architecture and applied art (especially decorative art).
Became fashionable In Europe & America > late 19th early 20th century.
The "Art Nouveau" is French for "New Art" and took its name from a shop that opened in Paris
Influenced by Czech artist Alphonse Mucha.
1895 > he produced a lithographed poster in Paris as an advertisement for the play
Gismonda (used to be called "Style Mucha" before his style changed name to Art Noveau)
In France > use of sinuous lines and "whiplash" tendrils were applied to everything from
architecture, jewellery and wallpaper.
Wallpaper > styles and motifs influenced by William Morris wallpaper (he was the leader of the
arts and crafts movement).
Paris Metro Station entrance... designed by Hector Guimard.
Palacio Guell (1885 1890) & Sagrada Familia (still be being built today)... Antoni Gaudi
(designs present in street lamps and furniture too).
In America > Tiffany glass (became international symbol of A.N, still popular today) ... Louis
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In Britain > Glasgow school of Art (he designed almost every detail, incl. Ash trays)... Charles
Mackintosh furniture... inspired by Japanese design.
In 1900 >Mackintosh invited to exhibit work in Vienna, was well received & became part of
group of international architects and designers.
His work, and that of C. R. Ashbee arts and crafts designer, then influenced other
European groups like... Weiner Workstatte in Austria < worked in similar style to A. N.…read more