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Set work 10: Capercaillie: 'Skye Waulking Song' from Nadurra

Style and period · Folk fusion music:
Western pop
Celtic folk music
Context · Waulking song refers to a man's song
which would be sung while working
· Waulking is the process by which tweed
is beaten against a board after…

Page 2

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· The texture slowly builds up starting with
synth and fiddle and adding other
instruments in later (9secs).
· A few parts give a thin texture, the
Bazouki and keyboard plan an
interweaving melody. The voice joins in
(33secs) adding to the polyphonic
texture. The texture stays the same until…

Page 3

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Dynamics · Relatively simple dynamics
· Start quietly and build up becoming
louder when all the instruments join in
· Dynamics are not written in the score but
are for the performer to decide
Rhythm · Syncopation is found
· A variety of note lengths with complex

Page 4

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Set work 11: Rag Desh

Style and period · Indian classical music is built up in three
A melodic line played on a solo
A rhythmic pattern played on the
A drone played on a stringed

Context · Rag Desh is an example of Indian…

Page 5

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the late evening and the monsoon
Harmony ·

Tonality ·

Texture ·

Structure · Performances of a rag are often in three
parts, progressing from a slow to fast
tempo ­
· Alap
A slow introductory section
The notes and mood of the rag are
introduced against a drone…

Page 6

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· Tintal ­ a sixteen-beat cycle ( 4 + 4 + 4
+ 4)
· Keherwa tal - eight-beat cycle (2 + 2 +
2 + 2)
· Rupak: a seven-beat cycle (3 + 2 + 2)
· Ektal: a twelve-beat cycle (2 + 2 + 2 + 2

Page 7

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Style and period · Sub-saharan/tradition west
African music. Features:
Call and response
Complex rhythms
· Mood: upbeat ­ achieved by a
fast tempo and repeititive
patterns with major vocal parts
Context · Talking drums are used to send
messages to other tribes; the
local materials used help…

Page 8

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· Short melodies
· Balafon parts include tremolos
and acciaccatura
· Simple
· Regular 2 bar phrasing
· Balafons have regular octave
leaps and semiquaver,
demisemiquaver patterns ­
Harmony · There is no harmony
Tonality · Major but sounds modal as the
piece is hexatonic (6 pitches
from major…

Page 9

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· In this piece there are 2
balafons, a higher pitched one,
and a lower pitched one. They
are the African versions of
xylophones. Gourds are hung
under the wooden tone bars
and act as resonator-often
made of rubber, orange peel or
other natural materials.
· Dundun ­ double headed…

Page 10

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· Voices sing in unison.
· When all parts play together
there is a polyphonic texture.
· There is call and response
between the vocalists and
Metre · There is a free, unmetred
opening after which a constant
metre is established
Dynamics · The dynamics are largely


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