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Handel `And the glory of the Lord'
· It comes from Handel's oratorio Messiah written for SATB
and orchestra.
· An oratorio is a piece of music with lyrics relating to
religion.
· Messiah is from the Baroque period.
· It begins with a ritornello.
· The words tell of the coming of the Lord (the promised
Messiah):
· "And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed"
· "And all flesh shall see it together"
· "For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it"
· It is a happy piece, seen in the major tonality, allegro
tempo and lilting rhythms.…read more

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Handel `And the glory of the Lord'
· It is built around 4 main motifs.
· Motive 1
· The word setting is syllabic and it helps establish the key of A major.
· Motive 2
· The word setting is melismatic and it uses sequence.
· Motive 3
· It repeats the same 5 notes.
· Motive 4
· It uses lots of long notes.
· Combinations
· Motif 1 is often paired with motif 2, motif 3 is often paired with motif 4.
· It has both polyphonic and homophonic passages.
· Imitation is used a lot with the overlapping melodies.
· There is a dramatic change in the last four bars, shown using a general pause,
homophonic chords and a change of tempo (adagio) and it closes with a plagal
cadence.…read more

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Mozart Symphony No. 40 Movement
1
· The piece is in sonata form: exposition, development and recapitulation.
· Exposition
· This is played by the violas, cellos and double basses.
· First subject
· The tempo is molto allegro.
· It is in a 4/4 time signature
· It is in G minor
· It is marked p
· It begins on the weak beat of a bar. This is known as an anacrusis.
· The melody shape is that of a falling semitone motif.
· It has question and answer phrasing ­ a four bar phrase answered by another
four bar phrase.
· It has a dark and intense mood.
· The second four bar phrase ends in a perfect cadence.
· It has a tonic pedal note in the first six bars.
· There is a transition leading to the second subject.…read more

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Mozart Symphony No. 40 Movement
1
· Second Subject
· The second subject is in the relative major.
· It mainly uses notes of longer values.
· It starts on the first beat of the bar.
· It has a melody shared between strings and woodwind.
· It is more lyrical and feels more relaxed.
· It uses semitones and falling phrases like the first subject.…read more

Slide 6

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Mozart Symphony No. 40 Movement
1
· Development
· The development include altered melodies, rapid key
modulations, polyphonic textures, imitation and lots of the
falling semitone motif.
· Recapitulation
· The recapitulation returns to the tonic key and begins
again with the first subject.
· The second subject follows, but in the tonic key.
· The piece ends with a Coda with repeated perfect
cadences played in tutti.…read more

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