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Archaic Kouroi
540 BC Archaic
490 BC Late archaic
460 BC early classical/severe/transitional
400 BC high classical
4th century Hellenistic (alexander the great) 340 BC onwards
Sculpting
Many statues of the Archaic Period are made of marble. Stone's low-tensile strength ensures that
the limbs of any marble statue cannot be…

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Braided hair with a stylised pattern
Regular with no movement
Calves same thickness as thighs
No higher hip, not natural movement. Easier to have a clenched fist
Shoulder blades and thorax and pecs etc have total symmetry.


Sounion kouros (580 BCE)
Same pose: left foot forward
Over three metres tall…

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Anavyssos (530 BCE)
The kouros of Anavyssos was also a grave marker, and shows
a change in artistic approach. The sculptor seems to have
been interested in creating a more realistic statue, without
the elements of pattern and symmetry featured on the
earlier kouroi:
However, despite the sculptor's attempts at…

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ARISTODIKOS 500 BC
Still in same position, left leg is still
forward.
Toes have become more naturalistic -
less clumpy.
Slim (legs especially but still the harsh
shadows) but with a larger waist. Buttocks has
fleshiness. Arms are slightly away from body.
Softness of chest and back, real
shoulder blades…

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