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ArabIsraeli conflict
=Conflict of 2 peoples seeking to establish a homeland in the same place

Effect of the creation of Israel on the Palestinian people, on
neighbouring countries and on Jewish communities in Arab
countries

14 May 1948
State of Israel proclaimed by David Ben Gurion
British mandate ended, gave…

Page 2

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Arab world= Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon aimed at pushing
the Jews "into the sea"
Israelis stunning victory against Arabs gained Negev Desert, west
Jerusalem, land to Lebanese border and west of river Jordan
Arabs "Catastrophe" Palestinian homeland taken
Organization on Israel's part unified as opposed to the disunity…

Page 3

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In response to Nasser nationalising Suez Canal, B F determined to
recapture canal and overthrow Nasser, Israel saw merit in taking
advantage
Conspiracy with B F and Israel
Israel occupied Sinai, Gaza and Sharm el sheikh but all returned> no
land gained, lost face as conspired with western imperialists
B,…

Page 4

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Creation, aims, methods and effectiveness of the Palestinian
Liberation Organisation (PLO) from 1964

Creation of PLO
Formed in 1964 by Nasser to control the fedayeen groups as he
feared they would drag Egypt into another war with Israel
Aspirations of Palestinians were being ignored by Arabs and
suppressed by Israel…

Page 5

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PLO moved to Lebanon
1973 onwards PLO more moderate methods considered talk of
Palestinian mini state emerged
Methods moved more to politics than terrorism recognising Israel's
right to exist and renouncing terrorism

Effectiveness
By late 1980's PLO was legitimised internationally by recognition from
many states. Perspectives changed, policies gained support…

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Success/ Failure
US: stopped spread of communism, US Jews happy, Suez Canal
remained open.
USSR: Muslims unhappy, oil continued to go to US, failed to use this
as a ground for negotiations, US resolve tested
UN: failed its first objective, PLO accepted resolutions 242 and 338 in
1988



1973 Yom…

Page 7

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presence of international observer force in Sinai, normalisation
of relations between Egypt and Israel, all achieved by 1982
Israel> major success as most powerful Arab country no longer a
threat
Arab world> treaty denounced, Sadat= traitor, was assassinated
October 1981 by extremist Islamic group




Causes of the events leading to…

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Reasons and consequences of Jewish migration to Israel and
Jewish settlements in Jerusalem and the West Bank

Jewish migration
European Jews: after WWII 100 000 displaced persons made their
way to Israel, had to live in transit camps for many years, were well
educated
Arabic Jews: creation of Israel, Jews…

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