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aAbnormal Behaviour
Affective Disorders ­ Disturbances of affect or mood, when a person may be severely
depressed or manic.

Manic Disorder:
Characterised by lots of energy, enthusiasm, self confidence, happiness and great joy.
Person suffers little need to sleep, delusions of great wealth, accomplishment or power,
sometimes with increased sexual…

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depression are noradrenaline and serotonin. Noradrenaline is a transmitter at the
synapse of the autonomic nervous system and is secreted by the adrenal glands.
It is a basic transmitter by which a neuron fires another neuron in the central nervous
A consistent finding is that depressed people typically have…

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A problem with psychoanalytic theory is that although many depressed people do have
the characteristics described, it is very difficult to prove that they are the result of
maternal loss of love earlier in life.

Behaviourist Theory:
This theory focuses on what is going on now rather than one early…

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The implication for treatment of depression is that a mixture of cognitive therapy and
behaviour therapy should be used to reinforce new beliefs in depressed individuals, that
they can control and influence the events that affect their lives.

Seasonal Affective Disorder:
A new area of psychology although is not a…

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lot of stimulus information which they can't selectively discriminate. Therefore, there
may be a disorder of selective attention. Examples of disordered processes include
clang associations, where rhymes and puns form the associating link between ideas.
Word Salad ­ Disconnected words with no apparent relationship.
Neologisms ­ new words which have…

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Unawareness ­ people diagnosed have traditionally been reported as having no insight
into their condition. This means they don't realise they have a disorder.

Types of Schizophrenia:
Several types have been observed. The symptoms have been seen to cluster in line with age
ranges and variable outcome. In the UK…

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Theories on the Causes of Schizophrenia: nature vs nurture

Genetic ­ Twin Studies e.g. Gottesman and Sheilds, Family studies ­ Rosenthal and
adoption studies ­ Heston
These types of studies have been trying to see whether being a blood relative of
someone with schizophrenia means you are more likely…


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