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The British Judiciary
· The British Judiciary System is split a
into 3 different regions ­ England and
Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.
· Each regions has it's own way on how
to deal with crime.…read more

Slide 3

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The British Judiciary
· In England the Judiciary System is split into
two parts; Criminal law and Civil law
· Criminal Law covers serious crimes, such
as; Murder, Arson, Assault and Rape. Anyone
who breaks a criminal law should be tried in a
court. However, every criminal is innocent
until proven guilty.
· Civil Law focuses on disagreements,
between people or companies.…read more

Slide 4

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The British Judiciary
· In both criminal and civil cases, there is a
prosecution (trying to prove someone's guilt) and a
defence (trying to prove someone's innocence).
· With criminal cases a jury decides whether the
criminal is guilty or not, guilty criminals are given a
sentence by the judge.
· In a civil court, the judge makes a judgement on
who is in the wrong based on the evidence presented.
· The Judiciary System usually sees criminals / guilty
parties going to jail, paying compensation or being
issued community service.…read more

Slide 5

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Police Cautions a
· A Police Caution comes direct from a police
officer who witnesses criminal activity.
· Police cautions can either be formal or
· Formal Police Cautions; are issued to
adults who admit their guilt to a minor first-
time offence, such as vandalism or petty theft.
A formal police caution counts towards a
criminal record.
· Informal Police Cautions; are just a
warning from an on-duty officer and do not…read more

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Reprimands a
A reprimand; is a formal verbal warning given
by a police officer to a young person who
admits their guilt, to their first minor offence.
A reprimand stays with a young person until
they are 18 years of age, although if they are
17 when it is issued it will remain with them for
5 years. Reprimands do not count towards a
criminal record. In later life employers do not
need to know whether you have a reprimand
or not.…read more

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