AQA Research Methods Revision Guide

This was created using my teachers booklet and the AQA complete textbook. Please not that despite attempting to create an accurate revision guide, this does not include everything you need in your exam. And other materials will need to be used alongside this.

Hope this helps.

HideShow resource information

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1







A2 Psychology Revision
Research Methods






Page 2

Preview of page 2
Key Words

Empirical Data Data which can be physically seen.

Objectivity Data and research which is not subjective or bias.

Peer Review A thirdparty/external body within the same field, validates research.

Abstract A summary of a study/research.

Experiments Carrying out a test under controlled conditions/environments.

SelfReport Methods Participants are asked…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Science
APPLICATION ONE: THE MAJOR FEATURES OF SCIENCE

Science is a means of finding out the truth and facts about our world however in order for this to be
achieved various factors must first be demonstrated throughout the scientific research

Empiricism ­ Information is gained through direct observation or experiment.…

Page 4

Preview of page 4


Evaluation of Psychology Is A Science?

Strengths Limitations
In the nineteenth century, psychologists Miller (1983) suggests that psychologists
wanted psychology to become a science simply use the tools of a scientists (e.g.
because it would enable them to produce content analysis and quantative analysis), but
verifiable knowledge for their research.…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Validating New Knowledge/Research
EXPLANATION ONE: THE ROLE OF PEER REVIEW

Peer review is the assessment of scientific work and research, by others who are experts within the
same field. The intention of peer reviewing is to ensure that any research conducted and published is
of a high and valid quality.…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Introduction and Aim ­ This is what the research intends to study (includes hypothesises).
Methodology ­ A detailed description of the research procedure is laid out (for replication).
Results ­ This is what the research found.
Discussion ­ The researcher may offer explanations and limitations about their research.
References ­…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
No experimenter effects. Participants are not allocated to conditions
which could reduce the experiments validity.
Increased external/ecological validity and
mundane realism. Natural studies are hard to replicate.





EXPLANATION TWO: RESEARCH METHODS

SelfReport Methods ­ Psychologists use questionnaires and interviews to find out what people
think and feel. They can be…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Random Sampling ­ Participants are gathered using a random number technique, the target
audience is first identified and then each proposed participants given a number, this number is then
randomly selected by either a lotterytechnique (`drawn from a hat') or from a random number
generator. This type of sampling produced…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Internal Validity ­ How much the findings of a testmethod are due to the manipulation of a
variable, rather than another factors. (For example, if a manipulated IV affects an DV, the
testmethod has good internal validity).
External Validity ­ How much the findings of a testmethod can be generalised…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
ISSUE TWO: ETHICAL ISSUES WITH NONHUMAN ANIMALS

Why Use NonHuman Animals in Research? ­ There are four main reasons why researchers
would use nonhuman animals in research, they include
Some researchers want to study animals because they find them fascinating, and generally
want to help them succeed in life.
Animals…

Comments

alice schute

SAVIOUR !!!!!!!

kelsiewillow

Didn't find it very helpful :( 

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »