Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha



PSYCHOLOGY ­ ATTACHMENT
Anthropomorphism= Cannot generalise animal research to humans
because we are different
Attachment= A strong, emotional and reciprocal bond between an infant
and their mother
Learning theory= Animals learn behaviours through either association or
reward
1. Classical conditioning= Learning by linking…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

Harry Harlow and the Rhesus Monkeys
Stated that monkeys must form their attachments during the first year of
life
Infant monkeys reared with surrogate mothers
2 `surrogate mothers'
One made of bare wires ­ feeding bottle attached
Another made of wire- covered in…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

Bowlby believed that attachment was an important adaptive function in humans,
as it promotes survival. Attachments develop during a sensitive period, which is
between 3 and 6 months. Attachments are more difficult to form outside of this
period. Attachment is also reciprocal, as…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

3. Willingness to explore
4. Reunion behaviour
o The Strange Situation
1. Parent and infant alone.
2. Stranger joins parent and infant.
3. Parent leaves infant and stranger alone.
4. Parent returns and stranger leaves.
5. Parent leaves; infant left completely alone.
6.…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

room, the infant was allowed to explore and play with toys whilst the mother
sat on a chair and a stranger entering the room as the mother leaves.

Throughout the experiment, the infant's reactions were observed, with four
specific behaviours being focused on:…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

Behaviour of infants in the Strange Situation is dependent on the infants
inborn (genetic) temperament not their mother
Children with `difficult' temperaments (inborn, genetic) who dislike
chance in routine may have been upset by the Strange Situation, and so
may have been seen…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

Ethnocentrism= When results from one study in one area, (e.g. USA),

are taken and generalised to all other cultures
(They should all be the same)
Strange Situation's attachment types cannot reflect all societies. What is
insecure in one society may be seen as…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha


Disruption of Attachment
Disruption of attachment= A physical separation from the primary
caregiver, which is out of the ordinary, e.g. mother has spend time in
hospital due to operation

Jane, Lucy, Thomas and Kate all under 3 were placed in foster care for…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

The Robertsons carried out a case study looking a 17 month old boy called
John, who had been sent to a residential nursery for nine days. The boy
displayed a set of behaviour starting with Protest, at being separated from his
parents; Moving…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 1: ATTACHMENT Chapter 3/3Jemini Barchha

Due to distorted intra-family relationships, hostility, discord or lack of
affection

Research into institutional care
Hodges and Tizard
Procedure
o Natural experiment
o No IV manipulation
>>Raised at home/institute
o Institution: High staff-turnover -> Different staff, so no
children-staff bond
o 65 Children…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »