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Population Change




In 2011 the world population is 6.8 billion. It grew very rapidly in the last century but its growth is
now slowing down. The growth rate in some areas such as Europe and North America is quite slow
whereas in others, such as Africa, it remains high despite…

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farming types, supporting large make life they thaw in communications little humus to
supporting large numbers of uncomfortable summer there is and settlements hold water.
numbers of people. and encourage too much very difficult. Many areas bare
people and disease and surface water, rock/sand.
allowing them to pests. also blizzards.…

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Advantages:
Good theoretical model to show rapid and dynamic change over time since the 1700s to present
day
Can be used by other countries to replicate development
Explains why there was development
Can be used by governments to predict future population change so they can implement certain
policies
Disadvantages:
Assumes…

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water and plenty of food available. An ageing
population

Stage 5-Decline A relatively new stage where birth rates are lower
Birth Rates-Slowly falling than death rates. This is because people live
Death Rates-Low fluctuating longer with better medical care. Other reasons for
the low birth rate are: a rise in…

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contraceptive e.g. China
s
Weak Strong

Country Policy Successful of not?
India Sterilisation 1970s Partially lowered birth rate but stopped as highly
controversial
Emancipation of Women Successful as population growth slowed down
(Kerala) and less births, natural increase now only 1.2%
Niger To reduce the average Unsuccessful, wrecked by male…

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Falling Birth rates
More use of contraception/family planning
Career orinentated women
Later marriages, fewer children
Concept of `childless couple'
Fertility rate=1.6 (lower than replacement rate)

What are the issues created by an ageing population?
Challenges
Government has to raise money/taxes to pay for pensions
People will have to work longer…

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Types of Migration




Push Factors Pull Factors
- No job - Job opportunities
- Poor quality of life - Good quality of life
- Low paid jobs - Highly paid jobs
- Poor weather - Good weather
- Poor education - Good education
- Wars + conflict - Safer environment…

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Reasons why people migrate



1) Economic reasons= jobs, money etc
2) Social reasons= family, better quality of life, wars etc
3) Environmental reasons= weather, disasters etc
4) Political reasons= corruption etc



Refugee Migration into the European Union

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