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Most forms of Alternative Dispute Resolutions (ADR) try to involve the client
in the process of resolving the dispute.
· They concentrate on reaching an agreement.
· Each case is decided on its own merits without reference to previous,
similar cases.
· ADR offers a confidential process and the outcome is processed only if
there is consent from both parties.
We are going to explain the 4 methods of dispute solving:
· Tribunal
· Arbitration
· Meditation
· Conciliation…read more

Slide 3

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What is a tribunal?
a judicial assembly; a person or group of persons appointed to hear or make decisions with respect to matters coming before them.
Why are they used?
Throughout the 20th century there has been a considerable growth in potential for disputes between individuals, groups and
Many of the cases have adopted specialised tribunals as a dispute-solving mechanisms
·Mental heallth Review Tribunal (MRHT
·Employment Tribunal (ET)
·Social Security and Child Support Appeals (SSCSA)
What is the aim of a tribunal?
To provide justice ...cheaply, efficiently, with minimum day and with minimum formality.
Where are they settled?
In ordinary courts
the court system would collapse under the enormous workload if all this legislation had to be settled in court.
Also, for many of the cases the courts would have inappropriate aspects to deal with the dispute.
What is the importance of tribunals?
`There is no doubt...that the tribunals represent one of the most important
pillars of the system of justice in this country...It is fair to say that more
people bring a case before a tribunal than go to any other part of the justice
Carnwath LJ ­ senior
President of
Tribunals…read more

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Who deals with tribunals?
A chairman, who is usually legally qualified
And two non-legal qualified people who have expertise in a particular field to do with issues in the case being heard
As one of the aims is to provide justice cheaply, using one chairman instead of highly paid judges dramatically
reduces cost.…read more

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? ?
Complete the following tasks so that we know you have understood ...
? 1. Fill in the blanks
The aim of tribunals is to provide instant justice C_ _ _ _ _ _ , e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and with minimum delay and f_ _
______ ?
1. Cheaply
2. Efficiently
3. formality
1. Answer the question
1. Is the following statement true/ false
` Tribunals use judges' FALSE ­ they use a chairman and two expertise
1. Name an advantage
1. Name a disadvantage Can be any of the following:
· Saves time
· Cheap
· Efficient
· Non-formal
Can be any of the following:
· Reduces workload for court
?…read more

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What Is It?
Arbitration is often referred to as "privatised litigation", in the sense that parties have more
control over procedures and the decision of the arbitrator is legally binding.
Arbitration is usually the voluntary submission by the parties of their dispute to an external
person other than a judge. It only applies to written agreements.
Arbitration is governed by the Arbitration Act 1996 - this states that the object of arbitration is
to "obtain the fair resolution of disputes by an impartial tribunal without unnecessary delay or
Arbitration is favoured by the commercial world and trade unions as an alternative to a court
trial, some trade unions actually set up their own arbitration services.
The Arbitrator
The 1996 Act provides for the appointment…read more

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