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Declarations of love- 16th Century
Shakespeare:
Sonnet 18: "shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" quotations: (IMMORTALISING LOVE)
"thou art more lovely and temperate"
"nature's changing course untrimmed"
"by the eternal summer shall not fade"
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, so long lives this, and gives life to thee"-the eternal lines
Sonnet 116:
"let me not to the marriage of true minds admit impediments"
"it is an ever fixed mark that looks on tempests and is never shaken"
"Love's not Time's fool"
"bending sickle's compass come"
"Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks but bears it out even on the edge of doom"
"if this be error and upon me proved, I never writ nor no man ever loved"
Edmund Spencer Sonnets:
Sonnet XV:
"Ye tradeful Merchants...seek most precious things to make your gain...both the Indias of their treasure spoil...what needeth you
to seek so far in vain?... My love doth in herself contain all the world's riches".
"sapphires...her eyes be sapphires"
"if rubies, Lo, her lips be rubies sound"
"If pearls, her teeeth be pearls...pure and round"…read more

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Declarations of true Love- 16th Century
Sonnet LXXV: (IMMORTALISING LOVE)
"where Death shall all the world subdue, Our love shall live and later life renew"
"To die in dust but you shall live by fame"
"my verse your virtues rare shall eternise"
Sir Philip Sydney:
The Bargain: wedding poem:
"my true love hath my heart and I have his"-repetition
"His heart in me keeps me and him one"
Astrophel and Stella:
"look in thy heart and write"
"loving in truth and fain in verse my love to show"
"her wits to entertain"
"Invention, natures child fled stepdame Study's blows"…read more

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Farewell to Love- and unrequited love-16th Century
Shakespeare: Sonnet 87:
"Farewell thou art too dear for my possessing"
"my bonds in thee are all determinate"-not forever
"For how do I hold thee but by thy granting?"- how have I kept you other than your permission?
"Thus I have had thee as a dream doth flatter"
Sir Thomas Wyatt: Farewell Love and all thy laws- love is a metaphor- renouncing love
"farewell love and all thy laws forever"
"thy baited hooks shall tangle me no more"
""thy sharp repulse that pricketh aye so sore"-unrequited love
"go trouble younger hearts"
"I have lost my time"
Michael Drayton:
"since there's no help, come let us kiss and part"
"and I am glad,yea, glad with all my heart"
"that thus so cleanly I myself can free"
"shake hands forever, cancel all our vows"
"Last gasp of Love's latest breath"
"Passion speechless lies"
"when Faith Is kneeling by his bed of death"
"Innocence is closing up his eyes"
"from death to life thou might'st him yet recover"…read more

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Metaphysical poetry: 17th Century
The metaphysical poets were British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in
metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them. Their style was characterized
by wit, subtle argumentations, "metaphysical conceits", and/or an unusual simile or metaphor.
John Donne:
The Flea:
"And in this flea, our two bloods mingled be"- Donne uses the flea as the metaphysical conceit to show his argument. He uses the flea,
blood and its death as an analogy for exchange of bodily fluids and having physical relations.
"this flea is you and I and this is our marriage bed"
The Sun Rising:
The metaphysical conceit is that he and his lover are all the world and the sun is in their world, disturbing them.
"Busy old fool, unruly Sun"
"pedantric wretch"
"Love all alike no season knows nor clime, nor hours, days, months which are the rags of time.- love is at the mercy of time: Link to
Sonnet 116: "Love's not Time's Fool"
"whether both th' Indias of spice and mine be where thou left'st them"
""Princes do but play us"- they have achieved a perfection that royals can only imitate and mimic.
"This bed thy center is, these walls thy sphere- Context: during the 17th century they believed that the earth was at the center of the
universe.
Donne refers to new beliefs about the way light beams work and how people see (11), the still prevalent (though increasingly discredited)
belief in alchemy--turning metals into gold through sorcery or science…read more

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Metaphysical poetry: 17th Century
The Good-Morrow:
· "I wonder by my troth..." ­ a troth is a pledge and it could mean a marriage troth about what they did before they
met.
· "weaned"- could mean trained or acting childishly like a babe at its mother's breas t, naively not knowing about
love at all.
· The idea of love as a cure: Wider reading link to `To My Excellent Lucasia" by Katherine Philips; " love inspires,
cures, supplies and guides my darkened breast" ­ love is presented as a salvation: Donne's poem its echoed as
well.
· The metaphysical conceit: it is away from the physicality's of love and is more towards the spiritual philosophical
nature of love.
· Micro ­cosm: the completion of the lover's world
· The two benign hemispheres are contained in the reflection of each lover in the other's eye. This world having no
cold polar region no dark night. Death is a product of imbalance, perfect equilibrium of our love for each other is
might.…read more

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