AQA Geography Unit 2 Tourism

The whole of the topic typed up minus case studies.

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  • Created on: 06-06-12 13:39
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Tourism is the world's largest industry. The tourism
industry is one of the greatest providers of jobs and
income in countries and different stages of
Ecotourism ­ tourism that focuses on protecting the
environment and the local way of life. Aka. green tourism.
National Park ­ an area usually designated by law where
development is limited and planning controlled. The landscape is
regarded as unusual and valuable and therefore worth
Honeypot site ­ a location attracting a large number of tourists
who, due to their numbers, place pressure on the environment
and people
Extreme environments ­ locations with particularly difficult
environments where the development of tourism has only
recently occurred due to a niche market demand for somewhere
different with physical changes
Stewardship ­ the person responsibility for looking after the
Conservation ­ the careful and planned use of resources in
order to manage and maintain the natural environment for future
Mass tourism ­ organised tourism for large no.'s of people

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Why has tourism grown?
Disposable income
people have more disposable income (spare
cash) therefore they can use it to go on holiday
more paid holidays
companies are giving people more paid holidays
than they used to which means people have more
free time to go on holiday
travelling has become cheaper
particularly air travel, so more people can afford
to go on holiday
sell online
this means they are advertising directly which
makes them cheaper, meaning more people can
afford to go away…read more

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Cities, mountains and coasts are all popular
tourist areas
Cities e.g. London, New York, Paris, Rome
people are attracted to cities because of the
culture e.g. the art galleries and museums, the
entertainment e.g. bars, nightclubs, theatres and
Coastal areas e.g. Spain, Caribbean
people are attracted to coastal areas because of
the beaches and activities like swimming,
snorkelling, fishing and water skiing.
Mountain areas e.g.…read more

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Tourisms importance to the economies
of many countries
Tourism creates jobs for local people e.g. in
restaurants and hotels, which helps the economy
to grow
Small business are started up to help serve
tourists/it also increases the income of smaller
more local businesses e.g.…read more

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Tourism in the UK
There were 32 million visitors overseas to Britain
in 2008. In 2007, tourism contributed £114 billion
to the economy.
Factors affecting tourism (in the UK
(can both attract and discourage tourists)
Weather ­ bad weather discourages tourists,
e.g.…read more

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­ large events attract huge amounts
of tourists to one area e.g. the London 2012
Olympics are expected to massively boost
The butler model
(aka.…read more

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­ visitor numbers have peaked. Facilities are no
longer good. The area may have become less attractive
6 Rejuvenation OR decline
rejuvenation ­ the area is rejuvenated, the new facilities attract
decline ­ fewer visitors come as the area is less attractive, this
leads to a decline of the area. Facilities are shut or rundown.
Blackpool case study
Blackpool is a coastal resort located on the far North
Western side of England in the Country of Lancashire.…read more

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Blackpool lost its holiday business and relied on day tripeers and stag
tried to rejuvenate the area by bidding for a super casino, but lost the bid
Blackpool attracted private investments to upgrade hotels and tourist facilities
upgraded the zoo and built a sea life centre
tried to rejuvenate the area by bidding for a super casino, but lost the bid
National Parks
There are 15 national parks in the British Isles.…read more

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National Park case study ­ The Lake District 1951
Cumbria, North West England
gets around 15 million visitors a year
large lakes e.g. Windermere and mountains
Cultural attractions
Beatrix Potter museum
bird watching, walking, boat rides, sailing and rock climbing
Problems caused by tourist and how they are being
dealt with
89% of visitors come to the Lake District by car, often just for the day.…read more

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Widespread marketing and advertising to make the area more known
Farms will be encouraged to offer activities e.g. quad biking
Mass tourism
Mass tourism has both positive and negative impacts
Economic impacts
brings money to local economy
created jobs for local people
increases income of industries that supple tourism e.g.…read more


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