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Tourism
Tourism is the world's largest industry. The tourism
industry is one of the greatest providers of jobs and
income in countries and different stages of
development.

Keywords
Ecotourism ­ tourism that focuses on protecting the
environment and the local way of life. Aka. green tourism.

National Park ­ an…

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Why has tourism grown?

Disposable income
people have more disposable income (spare
cash) therefore they can use it to go on holiday
more paid holidays
companies are giving people more paid holidays
than they used to which means people have more
free time to go on holiday
travelling has become…

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Cities, mountains and coasts are all popular
tourist areas
Cities e.g. London, New York, Paris, Rome
people are attracted to cities because of the
culture e.g. the art galleries and museums, the
entertainment e.g. bars, nightclubs, theatres and
shopping.
Coastal areas e.g. Spain, Caribbean
people are attracted to coastal areas…

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Tourisms importance to the economies
of many countries

Tourism creates jobs for local people e.g. in
restaurants and hotels, which helps the economy
to grow
Small business are started up to help serve
tourists/it also increases the income of smaller
more local businesses e.g. the farmers who may
produce food…

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Tourism in the UK
There were 32 million visitors overseas to Britain
in 2008. In 2007, tourism contributed £114 billion
to the economy.

Factors affecting tourism (in the UK
(can both attract and discourage tourists)
Weather ­ bad weather discourages tourists,
e.g. the really wet summer in 2007 was blamed…

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big events ­ large events attract huge amounts
of tourists to one area e.g. the London 2012
Olympics are expected to massively boost
tourism


The butler model
(aka. the tourist area life cycle model)






1 exploration ­ small number of visitors visiting/exploring an
area, not many tourist facilities

2 involvement…

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5 stagnation ­ visitor numbers have peaked. Facilities are no
longer good. The area may have become less attractive

6 Rejuvenation OR decline
rejuvenation ­ the area is rejuvenated, the new facilities attract
tourists
decline ­ fewer visitors come as the area is less attractive, this
leads to a decline…

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eventually Blackpool lost its holiday business and relied on day tripeers and stag
do's/hennights
tried to rejuvenate the area by bidding for a super casino, but lost the bid
Rejuvenation
Blackpool attracted private investments to upgrade hotels and tourist facilities
upgraded the zoo and built a sea life centre
tried…

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National Park case study ­ The Lake District 1951

Location
Cumbria, North West England

Visitors
gets around 15 million visitors a year

Scenery
large lakes e.g. Windermere and mountains

Cultural attractions
Beatrix Potter museum

Activities
bird watching, walking, boat rides, sailing and rock climbing

Problems caused by tourist and how…

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Widespread marketing and advertising to make the area more known

Farms will be encouraged to offer activities e.g. quad biking


Mass tourism
Mass tourism has both positive and negative impacts

Economic impacts
brings money to local economy
created jobs for local people
increases income of industries that supple tourism e.g.…

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