AQA GCSE PE Chapter 5- Health, Fitness and an Active Lifestyle Notes

Complete notes on Chapter 5 of the AQA GCSE PE Syllabus. These are notes on:

  • General health
  • Healthy Active Lifestyle
  • Skeletal system (structure and roles)
  • Muscular System (structure and roles)
  • Compnenets of fitness- speed, agility...

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Chapter 5 Health, fitness and an active lifestyle

General Health

Health: A state of complete physical, metal and social wellbeing
and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

There are other components that influence your health:

Misuse of substances:
Smoking in the long term can cause diseases such as…

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Healthy Active Lifestyle

Good exercise habits

Walking instead of driving
Cycling
Use stairs
Include exercise if your work is sedentary.

Benefits of exercise (Long term)

Improve body shape
Relieves stress
Helps sleep
Reduces chances of illness
Tones body
Improves posture
Helps improve components of fitness.

Different jobs have different levels…

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The structure of the skeletal system
















Types of bones

Long bones femur
Short bones phalanges
Flat bones skull
Irregular bones vertebrae

Types of joints

Hinge: elbow, knee...
Ball and socket: hip,
shoulder...
Pivot wrist
Saddle thumb
Gliding hand bones
Condyloid wrist




Connective Tissues

Tendons: very strong, nonelastic chords that join…

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The role of the skeletal system

Joints

The range of movement differs between joints

Freely movable joints
Slightly moveable e.g. vertebrae
Immovable e.g. skull

Types of movement

Flexion the decreasing of an angle at a joint e.g. Bicep Curl

Extension the increase of an angle at a joint e.g. kicking…

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The structure of the muscular system

Muscles are attached to bones to allow movement.

There are three types of muscle:

1. Voluntary Muscles (Skeletal muscles)

These are muscles that require conscious effort to allow
contraction and allow movement of bones and limbs.



2.
Cardiac muscles

These are
involuntary
muscles that…

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The role of the muscular system
Muscles and movement
Flexors the muscles that bend a limb at the joint by
contracting.
Extensors the muscles that work with and against the
flexors and that straighten a limb at a joint by contracting.
Adductors the muscle that moves a limb towards the…

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Gastrocnemius: involved in initial movements of the legs such as
jumping and running starts.




Components of fitness

Strength: The ability to bear weight.
Dynamic strength: the ability to bear body weight for a long period of time.
Explosive strength: strength used in a short, sharp burst of movement.
Static strength:…

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Gymnastics
Sit and reach test






Agility: the ability to change direction as quickly as possible (combination of
speed and flexibility).
Rugby
Illinois agility test

Balance: the ability to maintain a posture in static and dynamic situations.
Gymnastics
Stork stand

Coordination: the ability to move two or more body parts simultaneously.…

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