AQA GCSE PE Chapter 5- Health, Fitness and an Active Lifestyle Notes

Complete notes on Chapter 5 of the AQA GCSE PE Syllabus. These are notes on:

  • General health
  • Healthy Active Lifestyle
  • Skeletal system (structure and roles)
  • Muscular System (structure and roles)
  • Compnenets of fitness- speed, agility...

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Preview of AQA GCSE PE Chapter 5- Health, Fitness and an Active Lifestyle Notes

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Chapter 5 Health, fitness and an active lifestyle
General Health
Health: A state of complete physical, metal and social wellbeing
and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
There are other components that influence your health:
Misuse of substances:
Smoking in the long term can cause diseases such as lung
cancer, heart disease and chronic bronchitis.
Alcohol in short term can cause drunkenness and in the
long term can cause damage to the liver, muscles and
heart.
Drugs can include illegal drugs e.g. marijuana or
performance enhancing drugs as well as prescription
drugs and medicines.
Sex education dealing with development
Family life
Safety at school, work, home etc.
Exercise
Nutrition
Personal Hygiene
Psychological factors

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Healthy Active Lifestyle
Good exercise habits
Walking instead of driving
Cycling
Use stairs
Include exercise if your work is sedentary.
Benefits of exercise (Long term)
Improve body shape
Relieves stress
Helps sleep
Reduces chances of illness
Tones body
Improves posture
Helps improve components of fitness.
Different jobs have different levels of activity.
Therefore, their exercise outside of work will vary.
Effects of exercise (short term)
Increased heart and breathing rate
Increased body temperature
Reddening of your skin
A feeling of tiredness in muscles.…read more

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The role of the skeletal system
Joints
The range of movement differs between joints
Freely movable joints
Slightly moveable e.g. vertebrae
Immovable e.g. skull
Types of movement
Flexion the decreasing of an angle at a joint e.g. Bicep Curl
Extension the increase of an angle at a joint e.g. kicking a football
Abduction the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. e.g. star
jump
Adduction the movement of a limb towards the midline of the body.e.g.…read more

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The structure of the muscular system
Muscles are attached to bones to allow movement.
There are three types of muscle:
1. Voluntary Muscles (Skeletal muscles)
These are muscles that require conscious effort to allow
contraction and allow movement of bones and limbs.
2.
Cardiac muscles
These are
involuntary
muscles that are
working
automatically and
constantly and are
found in the walls
of the heart to
make sure it keeps
beating.
3.…read more

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The role of the muscular system
Muscles and movement
Flexors the muscles that bend a limb at the joint by
contracting.
Extensors the muscles that work with and against the
flexors and that straighten a limb at a joint by contracting.
Adductors the muscle that moves a limb towards the
body.
Abductors the paired muscles for adductors, which move a limb away
from the body.
Muscular contractions
Isotonic: these can be either concentric or eccentric.…read more

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Gastrocnemius: involved in initial movements of the legs such as
jumping and running starts.
Components of fitness
Strength: The ability to bear weight.
Dynamic strength: the ability to bear body weight for a long period of time.
Explosive strength: strength used in a short, sharp burst of movement.
Static strength: the maximum amount of force that can be put on an immovable
object.
Weightlifting
Hand grip dynamometer
Speed: the ability to move all body parts as quickly as possible.…read more

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Gymnastics
Sit and reach test
Agility: the ability to change direction as quickly as possible (combination of
speed and flexibility).
Rugby
Illinois agility test
Balance: the ability to maintain a posture in static and dynamic situations.
Gymnastics
Stork stand
Coordination: the ability to move two or more body parts simultaneously.
Tennis (serve)
Alternating hand throw
Reaction time: time taken for your body to react to an external stimulus.
Sprinting
Ruler drop test
Timing: the ability to control movements to coincide with external factors.…read more

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