AQA GCSE Geography A Tourism Case Studies

All 4 case studies needed for this topic, described in a concise, bullet-pointed fact file.

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Growth and stagnation:
The resort realised potential in the 19th century.
Saw the development of Blackpool tower, all 3
piers, electric lighting and a vast railway line.
By 1980 the population had risen to 15,000 from
just 473 in 1800.
Thorough tourism development took place,
including the establishment of pleasure beach.
Blackpool, by 1910, had a population of 58,000.
Tourism took off during 1900-1950 with
construction of Madam Tussauds and Stanley Park.
By this time, millions of workers visited the area.
The M55 was built in 1977 and despite the
population reaching 150,000, tourism began to decline.
As package holidays abroad became more popular
and affordable, Blackpool majorly declined as a result
of bad weather and a dated image.
Blackpool mainly used as a weekend trip or day-trip, became popular with hen/stag weekends;
giving it a bad image and becoming annoying with locals.
Attempts at regeneration:
The "Supercasino": A controversial development that would construct a casino in the style of
Las Vega and Atlantic City. Transforming Blackpool into the "centre of gambling" but it was seen
as a "second chance" for some.
The proposal would bring over 20,000 jobs, which would dramatically raise the 3.6%
unemployment rate.
In 2006, Manchester was surprisingly chosen for the development, and later in 2007 the whole
idea was cancelled for both cities.
Post 2007, Blackpool has still received plenty of funding for gradual regeneration:
o A new department store
o A "Master plan" that improved Blackpool for the casino bid.
o Leisure centres, a zoo, and a Sea Life centre were constructed.
o The Blackpool tower was renovated.
o The laminations were upgraded.

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Jamaica's one of the Caribbean's main tourist attractions, however after 2001 (it's "heyday" for
tourism) it faced hard competition from other Caribbean islands and started to stagnate. 220,200
Jamaican's work in the tourism industry, of which is Jamaica's second largest contributor to their
Jamaican Tourism in 2001
Total number of tourist arrivals 1,322,690
Population employed in tourism 8%
Total foreign exchange earnings $1.…read more

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How did it start?: In the 1950s when scientists were reporting that the landscape was beautiful, the
species were unique and that it posed great physical challenges. So during the late 20th century,
small specialised cruise ships took a small amount of people; 9,000 tourists travelled there in 1992-3
which has now risen to 46,000 in 2007-8. Over 100 tourists companies are now involved.
Tourists create more
impact scientists.
In places where wildlife
is common, tourists
sometimes scare them off,
leaving their young behind.…read more

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All operators are IAATO members and are highly trained, meaning that tourism is safe and
environmentally friendly.
The Antarctic treaty disallows any tourists to go to sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs), this
to protect precious wildlife and landscapes.
A permit must be gained in order to visit Antarctica.
There is a very large waiting list for tourists, as only 40,000 people are allowed in every year and
because this type of tourism is growing quickly.
No ship with more than 500 passengers can land.…read more

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They are allocated into small groups and go to specific locations in small numbers.
An eight-day cruise costs £800.
The Galapagos Conservation Trust receives £25 out of every holiday price, this helps conserve
the landscape.
Tour boats are owned locally and have limited times to restrict pollution. They only take up to 16
tourists each.
Guides are all professional.…read more


Sakshi Karanjkar

useful, but no case studies on medc and ledc countries :/

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