AQA GCSE Geography A Development Gap Case Studies

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Deaths and
damage to each
country
Country Death Damage
s ($)
Barbados 1 5 million
Cayman Islands 2 3.5 billion
Cuba 0 1.2 billion
Dominican Republic 4 Unknown
Grenada 39 1.1 billion
Jamaica 17 360 million
St. Lucia 0 2.6 million
Saint Vincent and 0 40 million
the Grenadines
Trinidad and 1 4.9 million
Tobago
USA 54 13 billion
Total: 121 19 billion
Hurricane Ivan was one of the worst hurricanes America had ever encountered; it was the fifth most
costly hurricanes costing nearly $19 billion.
Damages caused on Grenada:
Trees were broken and uprooted, buildings destroyed, roads blocked, water, power and
telecommunications were damaged.
39 people died and 90% of all housing were damaged or even destroyed completely.

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Nearly all the schools were either damaged or destroyed; half of residents were made
homeless.
It cost Grenada $1.1 billion.
Development:
Short term: Lack of water, food and medical care were quickly restored.
Long term: Agriculture, tourism and infrastructure were badly affected and took 10 years to
recover and repair.
Cause for long term: Government has low-tax rate and residents are usually without insurance.…read more

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For Portugal: made plenty of money from South Africa, they earned over 1.2 billion after selling
85% of their stake.
For Mozambique: 1% of population has electricity and after buying Portugal's stakes ­ they now
have full control over the dam.
For South Africa: They receive over 2000 MW (mega-watts) of power each year, however it's
not cheap.
It shows in many
ways the being a
member of the
EU has many
benefits.…read more

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Bulgaria: Its population has fallen 300,000 in 10 years because people want a better quality of life
and seek it closer to the European Economic Core (EEC). Before joining the EU it was dominated by
the USSR and was a communist country, after the break-up of the "communist bloc" in the 1990s,
Bulgaria became very unstable and its average Quality of Life fell 40%. It is the second poorest
country in the EU and is on the European economic periphery.…read more

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