AQA GCSE Geography A Changing urban environments Case Studies

3 major case studies needed for this topic. Described in a concise, bullet-pointed, fact file manner.

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UDC: Urban Development Corporations were a major strategy and initiative taken in the 1980s, the
LDDC was established in 1981, and aimed to bring unused land to effective use and regenerate the
area sustainably. While also creating an attractive environment with good facilities so that more people
work and live in the area.
LDDC accomplishments with £1.86
billion public investment and £7.7
billion private investment:
22km2 of land regenerated
144km of new/improved road
Bringing 120,000 new jobs
Construction of:
1981-1997: Post 1997:
Canary Wharf Heron Quay and North Quay (Canary Wharf)
Surrey Quays Shopping centre Extension to the Jubilee Line
London City Airport
ExCel Exhibition Centre
Dockland Light railway (DLR)

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Facts about Kibera:
Located South-West of the CBD of the capital
of Kenya ­ Nairobi.
½ of the 60% of the people, who live in slums
in Nairobi, live in Kibera.
Estimated 800,000-1 million people live there.
255 hectares of land in total.
1 person = 1m2 space to themselves.
100,000 orphans because of HIV.
Houses are made out of mud, wood and corrugated iron.
Sewage lines are exposed and run through the houses (causing disease).
Rubbish isn't collected.
No consistent water supply.…read more

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Capital of Parana (state).
Located in Mid Brazil.
Plan in 1960:
Reduce urban sprawl.
Develop public transport
Reduce traffic in CBD.
Preserve green areas
Save Historic buildings.
Cheap bus system...
Benefits of plan:
o Preserving historic
buildings increases tourism.
o Preserving green areas
increases quality of life.
o More environmentally
friendly because more people
get on one bus, lowers
o Cheap approach stills
makes a hefty profit annually.
As a result:
o Attractive environment.
o Strong economy.…read more

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