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Speaking acquisition - Phonology
Stage 1 (0 ­ 2 months)
· Child express itself through crying = Basic
biological noises that reflect biological
occurrences ­ crying due to hunger pain or
discomfort = Reflexive noises
· breathing, eating, swallowing, coughing, e.c.t
= Vegetative noises…read more

Slide 3

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Speaking acquisition - Phonology
Stage 2 (2 ­ 5 Months)
· Cooing & laughing = when the child is happy
· Cooing shows control over vocal chords
· Cooing originally develops alongside crying, but
eventually the child learns to respond to their mother's
speech/smiles
· Cooing is quieter than crying = short bursts of vowel-
like sounds with a possible consonant quality at the
back of the mouth
· 4 months = throaty chuckle emerges…read more

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Speaking acquisition - Phonology
Stage 3 (5 ­ 8 months)
· Vocal play ­ compared to cooing is steadier &
longer
· Vocal play usually lasts for 1 sec with
consonant & vowel-like sentences frequently
repeated
· This is a period of vocalisation for the child…read more

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Speaking acquisition - Phonology
Stage 4 (7 ­ 13 months)
· Babbling ­ less varied than vocal play
· Smaller set of sounds are used which
accommodate the native language of the
child.
· Then variegated babbling occurs when the
child begins using more varied
consonants/vowels in 1 single utterance…read more

Slide 6

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Speaking acquisition - Phonology
Stage 5 (9 ­ 18 months)
· Melodic utterance ­ variation in melody,
rhythm & tone of voice
· "Proto-words" were the sounds are clear but
the meaning is not so
· Parents will begin to understand the
intentions of the child's utterances e.g, want,
play, greeting, calling, e.c.t…read more

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