AQA AS Sociology Families and Households Key terms list

AQA Sociology Families and Households keyterms

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AS Sociology Families and Households Key terms
Age-The biological basis for age groups, age describes the journey between birth and death years
Ascribed status-a social position fixed at birth, a position that is very hard to change by one's own
efforts
Authority-The possession of power which is seen as legitimate by whom it is wielded
Beanpole family-this refers to a modern family where people have fewer children, but at the same
time are living longer, family trees are becoming longer and thinner ­ sometimes extending to 4
generations
Birth rate- The number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year
Cereal packet family-The romantic image of the traditional two-parent family featured on the back
of corn flake packets in the 1960's
Child centeredness-A family in which much activity and emotional energy is focused on the children,
rather than adult desires
Confluent love-Active and casual love rather than `forever' notions of romantic love
Cohabitation- a situation where a couple lives together as man and wife without being legally
married
Commercialisation of childhood-Where children are targeted as a key consumer group by big
businesses
Companionate-this refers to the jointness of couples, not only in terms of the tasks they perform,
but equally in their leisure activities too
Conjugal roles-The roles played between husband and wife within a marriage with particular
reference to the domestic division of labour
Civil partnership Act 2004- Gave same sex couples rights and responsibilities identical to civil
marriage. Civil partners are entitled to the same property rights as married opposite-sex couples, the
same exemption as married couples on inheritance tax, social security and pension benefits, and also the
ability to get parental responsibility for a partners child/ren
Dark side of the family-This term is used to challenge the romantic view of the family by
perspectives such as the feminists and Radical Psychiatrists. They highlight the extent of conflict and
violence in families
Death (mortality) rate-The number of deaths per thousand of the population per year
Dependency ration-The ratio within the population of those under the age of 15 and over 65 to
those between those years e.g. of working age
Divorce-The legal termination of a marriage
Divorce rate- A statistical measure of the number of divorces, usually expressed as the number of
divorces in any one year per 1,000 married couples in the population
Divorce reform Act 1971-Introduced the concept of `no-fault' divorce.
Divorce reform act 1984-The amount of time before application for divorce can be made was
reduced
Dual Burden-Is when a woman has the responsibility of paid work and unpaid work
Empty-Shell marriage-A term given to marriage where love and romance have long gone and
couples stay together either because divorces is not an option (e.g. religious reasons) or they simply
cannot make the effort to separate
Expressive role-This refers to The housewife providing the warmth, security and emotional
nurturing support
Extended family-The nuclear family has been added to either vertically, or horizontally.
Family-Two or more generations of people tied together through blood, marriage or adoption.
Family diversity- A term used to describe the differing forms of family organisation typical of
modern Britain

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Family paths-This refers to the highly varies and individual experiences people have within families
according to age, gender etc
Fertility rate- average number of children women will have between the ages of 15 and 44
`Fit' thesis-Evolutionary theory, suggesting that family changed from the extended to nuclear family
to provide a functional fit to the new industrial society that benefited from smaller, more mobile families
Gender- used by sociologists to describe the cultural and social attributes of men and women,
which are manifested in appropriate…read more

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