Slides in this set

Slide 1

Preview of page 1

Internal working model:
expectations that the child
has based on its previous
relationships e.g. the mother
is very loving so this will form
a basis for the child's future
Safe base for exploration: expectations Attachments are
from somewhere a child can innate, humans are
explore but return to when programmed to
they feel unsafe, provides form an
emotional security attachment.
Bowlby's theory Social releasers:
Monotropy: an attachment to the behaviours that
primary caregiver e.g. the mother attract attention
from caregivers e.g.
smiling and crying
Critical period: a specific time for Reciprocal
attachments to form, in the same interaction:
way there's a certain time for a involves
baby's arms to develop in the mother and
womb, there is a specific time for infant, is a two
attachments to form. Once this way process
time passes attachments cannot
form.…read more

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Conclusions: Aim: to investigate
· Most children form secure different types of
attachments to mother by 1 but attachments between
individual differences do occur + mothers and their one
dependant on quality of care year old children
· S= sensitive mothering
· IR= inconsistent mothering
· IA= rejected mothering Participants: White, middle class
American mothers + 1 year old child
Ainsworth's Strange
Lab study
Show SD, SA +
pleasure on
secure (70%)
mother's return 1. Mother and child play, then mother
resistant (10%)
Show SD + SA but avoidant (20%) leaves child
resist comfort on 2. Stranger enters, leaves + then mother
mother's return returns
Looked for separation distress,
stranger anxiety + child's response on
No SD + don't make
mother's return
contact when
mother returns
Attachment: A close emotional relationship between two persons,
characterised by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity.…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Reared in isolation and not
allowed to form attachments
with their own species. The
monkeys grew up unable to
socialise with other
Harlow used monkeys
members of their species.
=difficult to generalise the
findings and conclusions to
humans. Attachments are learnt
through classical conditioning
Attachments are
Harlow's monkeys formed to the carer
Monkeys kept in cages with wire who feeds the baby
mother with food and a softer
one covered in cloth. The monkey Learning theory The child learns to
had a the choice of which mother
associate the comfort +
to go to: food or comfort.
security of carer with
Monkey's preferred the cloth
monkey and only went to the
food monkey when necessary. 1. Feeding = pleasure (instinctive
Comfort Food 2. Feeding + comfort + security =
pleasure (association begins)
3. Comfort + security = pleasure
(attachment is formed)…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »